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Tutor profile: Veronica G.

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Veronica G.
Third-Year University Student | Tutor for Five Years
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Questions

Subject: Writing

TutorMe
Question:

My teacher has given me feedback on an essay, and they said that my transitions between my paragraphs feels choppy and abrupt. How can I improve this part of my essay?

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Veronica G.
Answer:

Transitions are incredibly important when writing an essay because it allows for a smooth flow in your writing, which ultimately makes your overall topic/argument stronger and easier to follow. If you're struggling with having smooth transitions in your writing, there are a few elements you can incorporate into your essay. First, within each body paragraph (or if there are multiple paragraphs dedicated to one section of your topic), make sure you completely introduce, discuss, and conclude that section. By doing so, you can use signal words, such as "first", "second", "third", and so on to introduce your topic. When you're wrapping up the section, use words like "overall", "in general", "in conclusion", etc. This will allow your reader to know when a new idea is being talked about and when the information about the idea ends. A clear structure and organization comes from using this technique, though there are still some downsides. Your writing may still feel a little abrupt, and the flow might not be as smooth. Another technique you can use for transitions in an essay is repeating certain words in the last sentence of one paragraph and in the first sentence of the following paragraph. For example, let's say your last sentence is "Memoirs are used to not only document one's life experience, but it also allows writers to express their pain and sorrow in a healthy way." To transition to the next paragraph, which can be a different idea within your topic (though still relevant and connected to previous idea/paragraph), take a few words from that last sentence to repeat in the first sentence of your next paragraph. With this in mind, your first sentence of the next paragraph can read "Pain and sorrow can be caused by various life experiences, from loss of a loved one, heartbreak, failure, or disappointments." In that sentence, we repeated "pain and sorrow" and "life experience". This technique allows for a smooth flow from one paragraph to the next by letting these common words between two ideas to bleed into one another. It doesn't allow for any gaps between ideas, which is why the transition is smooth. This is definitely a technique that will help your writing feel less abrupt and choppy between paragraphs.

Subject: Political Science

TutorMe
Question:

What is a democratic system, and how can I figure out if a government is democratic?

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Veronica G.
Answer:

A democratic system is one where the sovereign/authority is chosen, rather than given power simply because they are born into power. The people of this system often have a larger role within politics, with the ability and power to input their opinions and vote. This type of system includes procedural models of direct and indirect democracies and structural models of parliamentary and presidential democracies. To figure out if a government falls under a democratic system, there are some key features you can look for. First, the most prevalent one is the power of the people. Is popular sovereignty (government is subject to the people's will) present? Does the political power stem from the people? With this key feature, you can also look for whether or not there is equal opportunity for participation for the people, which allows their power to exist in the first place. Second, democratic systems often have separation of powers. Is the power distributed across different sectors? Is that distribution equal, or does one section of the government have more power over the others? Does the government have checks and balances, which ensures that no branch becomes more powerful than the others? If it seems like there isn't a separation of powers, the government may not be considered to be a democratic system.

Subject: English

TutorMe
Question:

What are the different types of essays I can write, and which one will work best for my assignment?

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Veronica G.
Answer:

There are many different types of essays, but the main four are narrative essays, descriptive essays, expository essays, and argumentative (persuasive) essays. First, narrative essays are story-like. This can be used in both fiction and nonfiction, and you can even have some elements of a narrative in academic writing. For example, in an introduction, if you want to tell a story to set up your essay topic, oftentimes, a story, or narrative, will grab your audience's attention. With narratives, your goal is to create a movie in your readers' minds. Second, descriptive essays are those that describe topics, ideas, or objects in extreme detail. There's a lot of depth to descriptive essays, and it gives your readers an abundance of background information and context. With descriptive essays, your main goal is to paint a picture for your readers, and in a way, this is similar to a narrative. Within this type, you can use devices such as imagery and metaphors, which will allow your readers to better understand what you are describing. Third, expository essays take an approach of being fact-based and analytical. This essay is typically used for research and problem-solving. In expository essays, your goal is to present the facts and the different perspectives on the topic, essentially comparing and contrasting and exploring the academia that has been written already on the topic. Lastly, argumentative, or persuasive, essays are used to convince your readers that your opinion is the correct one. It's set up in a way that allows your audience to gain knowledge on the topic and why your perspective is true. Now, which one works best for your assignment? We first have to take a look at your assignment and see which one is more appropriate. Usually, academic writing will take the form of expository or argumentative essays, since those are the ones that often have the most analysis and research included in the writing. More creative writing assignments might utilize a narrative or descriptive essays. Each assignment is different, but we will work together to find which type of essay works for best for it.

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