Discuss the principle of selective incorporation as it relates to both criminal defendants' rights and first amendment rights. Use specific cases to illustrate this principle.
Selective incorporation was the process by which the Bill of Rights, which originally applied only to the Federal Government, was applied to the state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment. Criminal defendants' rights were applied to state governments in the case of Gideon v. Wainwright, which applied the right to counsel in the Fifth and Sixth Amendments to the state of Florida. The First Amendments' freedom of the press was applied in Near vs Minnesota, which prevented Minnesota from censoring "scandalous" material.
Rotate the region between x=4 and y=sqrt(x) about the x axis. Find the volume of the figure.
1. First you must draw the figure. See that the bounds are starting at x =0 and ending at x=4. 2. Realize that if one splits up the figure into rings the radius of each ring would be sqrt(x). 3. Use the area of a circle formula (Pi*(r^2)) to get that the area of each ring is Pi*x. 4. Integrate from 0 to 4 the function Pi*x. 5. Solution: 8*Pi= 21.133 units cubed.
Describe how the Northwest Ordinance promoted economic equality as it relates to the states and western settlers.
The Northwest Ordinance made each of the territories administered by Congress rather than individual states. This prevented certain states from expanding while landlocked states could not. Furthermore, the Ordinance created a set of townships and provided for a school in each township, which set a precedent for public education in the United States. The ability to settle and own land as an individual also provided an incredible opportunity for many residents to become successful without having a merchant class or plantation owner in charge.