How does one form a compound sentence? Why are they useful in writing longer works?
A compound sentence is what you get when two basic, related sentences are joined into one by a comma and a conjunction. A conjunction is a joining word (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, & so). Using compound sentences allow for related sentences to be linked together and prevent ones writing from becoming choppy and broken. While those sentences may be correct, they are less pleasant to read aloud and do not reflect natural speech.
Classic literature is often written off as boring or unimportant because it does not seem relevant to a modern audience. Using Jane Austen's PRIDE AND PREJUDICE, explain themes that could still be considered relevant today.
Austen is noted for using similar themes throughout her novels. Notable here, are the commentary on gender and class roles in society and how they interact with each other. The characters of Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy are especially juxtaposed in this light. Elizabeth is put into a position, by her family and the society she lived him, that she is expected to marry in order to be taken care of after her father's passing. Mr. Darcy's interest in Elizabeth, on the other hand, is considered taboo because he is of a higher class standing than her. Class continues to define and separate people in the modern world. Classes may behave differently and define themselves differently, but it still results in higher classes feeling that they are more than those "below" them based on their possessions and wealth. While feminism today and in Austen's time looks much different, there is still an expectation put upon women that they are somehow "less" if they do not marry. While women have more opportunities professionally and do not need to be as reliant on men as they were in Austen's time, there is still a taboo placed on women who do not marry.
Identify the five stages of plot and explain them. How are they useful in understanding a work of literature?
The five stages of plot are exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. Exposition is the set up for the story, where the setting, characters, and conflict are introduced. Rising action is the build up of tension and events in the story, usually the main character is trying to achieve a goal and must overcome different obstacles. The climax is the turning point that the story has been building up to, which causes a fundamental change. Falling action is what happens as a result of the climax. Resolution is where the loose ends of the story are tied together and it comes to a close. The five stages of plot are useful because they allow for a story to be broken up into different parts and allow for a build up of suspense for a reader. While the parts may look different in various works of literature, these stages are flexible enough that they apply to most if not all major works of literature and other forms of story telling.