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Tutor profile: Paul N.

Paul N.
College Graduate with Personal Tutor Experience

Questions

Subject: Vietnamese

TutorMe
Question:

Please identify the alliterative expressions present in the following poem and briefly interpret why they were use in the passage: QUA ĐÈO NGANG Bước tới Đèo Ngang, bóng xế tà, Cỏ cây chen đá, lá chen hoa. Lom khom dưới núi, tiều vài chú Lác đác bên sông, rợ mấy nhà. Nhớ nước đau lòng, con quốc quốc, Thương nhà mỏi miệng, cái gia gia. Dừng chân đứng lại, trời, non, nước, Một mảnh tình riêng, ta với ta.

Paul N.
Answer:

The alliterative expressions in the poem is in the parentheses: Nhớ nước đau lòng, con (quốc quốc), Thương nhà mỏi miệng, cái (gia gia). Here, their usage has two functions. The first is to invoke the images of two types of birds, the quốc quốc bird and the đa đa bird. By invoking the images of these birds calling out in the sparsely populated setting of the poem, the author highlights her own solitude in making this journey. Moreover, there is another layer of word play. In these sentences, she is describing her love for her country (nước) and her home (nhà). This is mirrored at the end of the sentences, as quốc means country and nhà means home in Sino-Vietnamese (The Chinese-derived words used in the Vietnamese language, as well as how the ancient Vietnamese people adapted Chinese letters into a Vietnamese pronunciation). And so, by using alliteration to emphasize these two words - quốc and gia - the author manages to not only paint a vivid picture of her loneliness in nature, but also cries out in pain for the state of her country and the longing for her home in her tumultuous time, as the French was eroding away Vietnam's autonomy and she was a long way from home.

Subject: Japanese

TutorMe
Question:

Please define Causative form, Passive form, and Passive-Causative form in Japanese, and make an example sentence.

Paul N.
Answer:

A Causative verb is formed using the following rules: るverb: る=>させる うverb: -u => -aせる する=>させる くる =>こさせる Causative form is used to denote Person A making or allowing Person B to do something. The grammatical structure of this form is: AはBにNounをV-Causative, or AはBをV-Causative, if the verb does not take the を particle. Ex: Mother makes Maki take a shower. =>おかあさんはまきさんにシャワーをあびさせます。(あびる=>あびさせる) A Passive verb is formed using the following rules: るverb: る=>られる うverb: -u => -aれる する=>られる くる =>こられる Passive form is used to denote Person B being affected or inconvenienced by Person A, often against their own will. The grammatical structure of this form is: BはAに(Nounを)V-Passive。 Ex: I had my computer broken by my little sister. =>わたしはいもうとにパソコンをこわされました。(こわす=>こわされます) A Passive-Causative verb is formed using the following rules: るverb: る=>させられる うverb: -u => -aせられる (OR shortened into -aされる) する=>させられる くる =>こさせられる Passive-Causative form is used to describe when person B is made to do something by person A. The grammatical structure of this form is: BはAに(Nounを)V-Passive Causative。 Ex: I was made to practice for 1 hour by the senior. =>わたしはせんぱいにいちじかんれんしゅうをさせられました。(する=>させられます)

Subject: Economics

TutorMe
Question:

In a perfect supply-and-demand model, the market clears when supply and demand meet at equilibrium. What would happen if an outside force i.e. the government interferes with the market by introducing a price floor (minimum wage) or price ceiling (rent control). Please describe the effects these changes have on the supply and demand in each scenario. Why is this not efficient?

Paul N.
Answer:

When there is a fixed price floor in the market that is higher than the market equilibrium point, it creates higher supply but lower demand. In the case of the minimum wage, higher wages mean there will be more people willing to work (higher supply) but employers are less willing to hire (lower supply). In the case of a price floor that is lower than the equilibrium, demand for the product (more people wanting to rent) will exceed supply (landlords willing to rent out their homes). In both cases, this creates an imbalance in the market, where either supplies or demands are not satisfied, forming what we call "dead-weight loss" - inefficiency loss of social welfare that could otherwise be gained in a perfectly efficient market.

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