What is the difference between psychoanalysis and cognitive behavioral therapy?
Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud and is a set of psycho-therapeutic theories regarding the relation of conscious and unconscious processes. Cognitive behavioral therapy is also a form of mental health treatment but the processes are different. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a short-term therapy aimed at helping patients identify patterns that cause negative thinking and behaviors.
How do we help teachers plan their instruction to address the differences with their students through differentiate teaching / learning activities?
The steps below will support differentiated classroom practices for teachers: •Focus on the essential ideas and skills of the content area, eliminating supplementary tasks and activities. •Respond to individual student differences (such as learning style, prior knowledge, interests, and level of engagement). •Group students flexibly by shared interest, topic, or ability. •Integrate ongoing and meaningful assessments with instruction. •Continually assess; reflect; and adjust content, process, and product to meet student needs. Expected outcomes from the plan: •Teachers use pre-assessment for assessing student readiness •Teachers will be able to respond to learning styles •Students’ post assessment scores will increase •Teachers use different strategies for differentiation: workshop, flexible grouping, tier instruction •Teachers will use effective classroom management procedures •Teachers will be able to promote student engagement and motivation The following steps will be implemented to continue to plan: •Develop a solid understanding of differentiated instruction so that they can present it coherently to teachers and provide committed school-level leadership. •Encourage teachers to apply differentiation with flexibility, creativity, and choice •Provide teachers with high-quality professional development as well as time to collaborate, plan, and implement differentiation.
What is curriculum and why is it important?
Curriculum is a measurable plan on how to teach a quality education to our students. Although it can be defined in various ways, curriculum should identify the learning goals, standards, and competencies that students will experience and demonstrate after being taught. There are different types of curriculum: recommended, written, supported, taught, tested and learned. The recommended curriculum identifies the skills that must be taught at each grade level to achieve state and national standards. The written curriculum according to the chapter is a “curriculum of control” but is perceived differently by administrators and teachers. Administrators use this curriculum as a guide on what to look for in the classroom as well as a management tool to ensure that what is being taught is based on the written part of the curriculum. The written curriculum that teacher would not be differentiated the curriculum to meet the needs of the students. Next, the supported curriculum, which is based on the resources that are provided to support the instruction of curriculum. In addition, the taught curriculum, describes as the “the delivered curriculum” basically is similar to what is observed during walk-throughs and formal observations by administrators. The taught curriculum requires planning by the teacher to follow the common core standards. Teachers produce aims and objectives that are clear to the students and administrators and should follow the Common Core Standards. The tested curriculum is concerning because as mentioned earlier I believe it’s curriculum that is focused on the concepts that the students will be tested on with state exams.