What's the difference between Hiragana and Katakana and why do I need to learn both?
Hiragana (ひらがな/平仮名) and Katakana (カタカナ/片仮名) are both from of writing that are used along with Kanji in the Japanese written language. Hiragana is often learned first, as you learn how to read Kanji by knowing the hiragana spelling and pronunciation for them. However, Katakana is an interesting case, as it isn't used for Kanji at all. Instead, Katakana is used for "loan-words", or words hat have come from different countries, and Japan as opted to use that name instead of creating their own word for it (things such as hamburger, McDonalds, etc.) Although the pronunciation of the hiragana and their katakana counterparts are the same as well, it's important to know what each is used for, as Japanese uses loan words far more than you'd think.
I have a 3-page paper due in a few days and I don't know where to start
1) Thoroughly read the essay prompt that you were given and read what it's asking you to write about 2) Make a list of the questions that the essay is asking you 3) Create 3 major sections for your paper "Introduction, Major topic of essay, conclusion" 4) Create introduction by explaining in your own words what you are writing about 5) depending on the type of essay (argument, book report, research paper) the major topic section can be as many paragraphs as needed to answer the question asked of you by the essay prompt you were given 6) Conclusion is just a brief summary of your major topic section, along with your final words/thoughts of the subject. 7) Put essay away and reread it after a good night's sleep. Taking a few hours away from the essay and them coming back to it is a crucial part of proofreading your final essay, as it allows you to look at it with a clear mind, and will most likely see a lot of things that need to be corrected that you wouldn't have noticed before.
What's the different between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes' theory of the "State of Nature"?
Both Locke and Hobbes wrote of a period prior to the formation of society, which is referred to as the State of Nature, where the individual, rather than the collective, described humanity. This 'State of Nature' (the hypothetical condition of humanity before a civil society's foundation), is where Hobbes and Locke's views of human rights take root : Hobbesin terms of action and Locke with an emphasis on liberty. Analyzing the philosopher's accounts of humanity's transition from nature to society reveals Hobbes’ cynicism of human nature as the basis for his belief in the unlimited rights of humanity within the State of Nature, while Locke’s argument for limited rights results in a more optimistic view of humanity.