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Jeffrey S.
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Writing
TutorMe
Question:

What is the best way to organize an essay?

Jeffrey S.
Answer:

Key Elements to a great paper: * When you are constructing an essay you should always start broad and end narrow. * Big ideas and background information create your introductory paragraph. * Once you have some base knowledge and broad ideas we can move into the meat of your paper. * You should never just start typing your paper without first organizing and planning your ideas out. Step 1: On a blank sheet of paper or Word document start organizing your ideas. Topic: What are we talking about? (Book, article, person, etc.) Opinion: What is your opinion of the given prompt. Do you agree/disagree and why? Step 2: **Given the information from the topic and opinion how can you best support your argument with textual evidence? Find a few examples that could support your opinion (these are just ideas…don't worry about these examples not being strong enough just yet). The idea behind this is to get your brain working and thinking about different ways to attack the paper. Step 3: Thesis: Construct a Thesis Statement. This should clearly convey your argument and what you will be arguing throughout your entire paper. Step 4: Paragraph 1: Create a Topic Sentence relating to your thesis/evidence for what the first paragraph is about. - Textual evidence: Write down the page number and a quote you think you will be using. - Ideas/arguments: This does not need to be perfect yet. Just your thoughts, reflections and ideas. - Concluding Sentences: Tie your thesis back into this section. How did you make a strong case/argument. Closing thoughts or ideas. Paragraph 2: Repeat Paragraph 1 Paragraph 3 and Continued Paragraphs: Repeat Steps Step 5: Conclusion: This is the narrow section of your paper. You have conveyed your argument and given support evidence. Now it is time to one last time bring all of your points together and wrap up your paper. Step 6: Write the paper: If you have followed Steps 1-5 you will now have a solid base to begin writing the actual paper. All of the hard work has been done. Concluding thoughts: I have written more papers than I care to remember, but when I started organizing my paper prior to writing it I saw instant improvement in my writing ability. Even the best writers would have a hard time sitting down and writing out a strong paper without organizing their ideas first.

Political Science
TutorMe
Question:

What are three key threats the United States Government must address?

Jeffrey S.
Answer:

1. ISIS - ISIS is a very serious challenge that the United States Government has had to face in recent years. I think ISIS is a unique case that deserves additional attention from the United States and how we choose to intervene in the Middle East region moving forward. The Islamic State is a well-organized group that has reached masses we have not seen before by other terrorist groups. Their Internet presence, recruiting capabilities and reach beyond just the Middle East region makes them a serious threat to the United States and our allies. 2. Cyber Security - We live in a world controlled by the Internet. Most of our information is stored throughout the Internet, for example our banking systems, social media profiles, and e-mails. If you are a person who chooses not to use the means of the Internet to operate your day-to-day life that does not mean the institutions you belong to share your same desire. A Cyber attack could cripple The United States economy. Imagine showing up to your bank to withdraw money and you couldn’t, or the United States Military Air Defense system placed offline for months. Potential Cyber attacks open the door to some serious issues the U.S. could have to face. 3. China - More specifically China and the South China Sea. The U.S. faces the challenge of attempting to occupy an area through military action to check China’s military power in the region. The South China Sea is an important geographical location for World trade, due to it’s shipping lanes, as well as a strategic point for military operations.

International Relations
TutorMe
Question:

International Relations: Foreign Policy in the middle East ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) is a standing threat to the United States and it's allies. What were some key issues the United States failed to address during the rise to ISIS? What could have the United States done to prevent the rise of ISIS? Comments or suggestions?

Jeffrey S.
Answer:

Background: The United States has been at odds with the Islamic State since October 15, 2006. Zarqawi had strong “desires to re-establish the Caliphate” and was succeeded by Masri after his he was killed by U.S. forces (William McCants, 13). Masri “believed Abu Umar al-Baghdadi to be the Caliph” or “commander of the faithful” (15) and Established the Islamic State in Iraq. The Prophetic tail of the Caliphate is what makes the Islamic State a global threat. The re-birth of the Caliphate represents an apocalyptic telling parallel with that of the Christian Battle of Armageddon. Declaring an Islamic State is the beginning of the end of times for the members of the Islamic State. All sited evidence is from William McCants book, " ISIS Apocalypse". This book focuses on the rise of ISIS and the details associated with how they came to power. Issue 1: The opportunity to infiltrate the Islamic State under the command of Masri in 2006 was available to the United States and would have prevented the growth of Islamic State power. There was uncertainty in the ranks of ISIS in 2006. Masri was “almost absent from the details of what goes on in the battlefield” (McCants 34). This was a clear opportunity for the U.S. to exploit the recruiting process of the Islamic State. “They were reckless with recruiting and often didn’t know when their commanders were behaving badly” (34). The Islamic State had no clear hierarchy of leadership established and appeared to be under a rule of chaos. They were allowing membership to anyone declaring their allegiance to the Islamic State, but did not vet people properly. “The Islamic State had opened wide the doors for membership” (34). This open door policy for membership enabled the opportunity for chaos and espionage to enter into their terrorist regime. The U.S. should have capitalized on the weakness in their recruiting process, even if there was no immediate gain from infiltrating the organization in 2006. In future endeavors dealing with the Islamic State, it is crucial for national security purposes to infiltrate the Islamic State organization when given a strategic opportunity. This will give the United States a better understanding of the Islamic State’s organizational structure, as well as key intelligence insights to prevent future terrorist attacks. Issue 2: Islamic State support was dwindling in late 2006/2007, due to their violent nature Sunni insurgent groups, the Islamic Army and other militias had began to talk to the United States about how to rid themselves of the Islamic State, however the United States did not respond quickly enough to prevent the movement from continuing it’s reign of terror (35). In 2006/2007 the average death toll was 2,500 civilians a month, it wasn’t until late in 2008 that the death “rate declined to about 500 a month” (42). Towards the end of 2008/2009 “The Sunni tribes, backed by the U.S. surge and Iraqi troops, had constrained the State’s movements and American Special Operations Forces had demolished it’s leadership (42). It took the U.S. three years to bring down the death toll brought about by the Islamic State. The U.S. was receiving many complaints from the Sunni population regarding the treatment of Sunni civilians in 2006. The U.S. watched as “Christians and Jews living in the Islamic State had to submit to it’s authority and pay a protection tax or be killed…[also] Shari’a law was to be the law of the land” (37). Although The United States eventually reduced the death toll brought about by the Islamic State, the U.S. did not respond quickly enough to the complaints of those living under the Islamic State rule. The U.S. could have prevented thousands of deaths with a more immediate role in the containment of the Islamic State. This can be understood to mean the U.S. can waste no time with the involvement of civilian casualties being perpetrated by he Islamic State.

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