How does the loop of Henle function?
Remember that the descending limb is highly permeable to water but impermeable to solutes. The ascending limb is highly permeable to sodium and chloride ions but impermeable to water.
What is dehydration synthesis?
Dehydration synthesis is a chemical reaction in which two molecules are bonded together with the removal of water molecules. Example: The formation of a disaccharide by two monosaccharides
What is X-inactivation?
X-inactivation is when one of the copies of the X chromosome present in female mammals is inactivated. The inactive X chromosome is silenced and it has a transcriptionally inactive structure called heterochromatin. Ex. calico coloration seen in female domestic cats