How should I structure a thesis statement?
Your thesis statement should be the argument you make for the whole essay. Therefore, the points that you argue in your body paragraphs must all support the claim in your thesis. With that in mind, look the prompt for your paper. What question is it asking? What are a few different ways it could be answered? Once you have that in mind, you can look at which answer is the most convincing and has the fewest problems. This should be your thesis statement. Now, it's time to write this idea into a thesis statement. Your thesis statement is normally the last sentence of your introduction, so when you write the rest of your introduction it is normal to change the wording of your thesis statement a little to ensure that it flows well from the rest of the introduction. However, initially writing your thesis statement guarantees that your whole paper cohesively relates to your thesis statement ahead of time. Try to structure your thesis statement in an appealing way. For example, if the prompt asks: why did early civilizations often start around rivers" and you want to argue that this is because it was much easier to support agriculture and commerce through waterways, then you might write as your thesis statement: "Due to the limited technologies of the early period, rivers provided easy access to irrigated land and trade by water, two of the most essential components needed for small communities to develop into thriving city-states.
How did the aftermath of WWI shape international boundaries?
Through a series of treaties between the victorious powers in World War I, the world's borders were redrawn, often favoring victorious powers and, in the case of the Ottoman Empire, completely dismantling the Empire in favor of countries that were often under the 'protection' of either England or France. New countries also developed based on U.S. president Wilson's fourteen points, which advocated for 'self-determination' of different countries rather than a system of Empires and discussed specific cases of new nation-states that should be formed. The modern nation-state as envisioned by Wilson shaped the next century of political conflicts, as other colonial powers were dismantled after WWII and the rate of ethnic-based conflicts increased.
When do you use the 'the' article with proper nouns?
Most proper nouns do not use 'the'. People's names, for example, are always written without it or any article: (Bob went to the store) never (The Bob went to the store). However, there are some place names that will have 'the' in front. For example, schools that incorporate a non-proper noun into the proper noun title, such as (University of Pheonix) with take a 'the' article. Unfortunately, several other cases must be memorized.