Identify and define the differences between andragogy and pedagogy.
The difference between these two words should be foundational knowledge to all educators. Pedagogy originates from the word pedagogue, which according to Websters, is a "dull, formal, or pedantic teacher". Further origins relate to the original Greek translation of the word paidagogos, which means to lead a child. Pedagogy is a focus on the child learner and uses techniques that are more traditional in nature such as lecture, repetition and directed learning. Andragogy, on the other hand is the focus on the needs of adults and their learning styles. Adults bring their lived experiences into a classroom, which include judgements and perceptions of the materials being taught. Instructors that use techniques focused on the adult learner look to emphasis the "why" in the objectives, provide more facilitation than direction, and encourage collaboration and sharing of experiences.
Identify three benefits organizations will realize when they have a diverse workforce.
There are several benefits that come with employing a diverse workforce. Organizations with diverse employees bring variety in thought and skills. This variety will increase an organization's ability to be creative. This variety in thought and skill has also proven to increase productivity. Finally, organizations that recruit and hire with a mindset of "the right person for the job" tend to become organizations well known for their strong cultures and ethical practices.
What would Maslow say about using salary as a motivator of employees?
Salary would fall within the physiological needs in Maslow's needs hierarchy. According to Maslow, once a need has been met, it can no longer be used as a motivator. In this case, salary can only be a motivator if it is not adequate to meet an employee's physiological needs. After that need has been met, managers must move to higher levels in Maslow's structure to motivate.