What are the longer term consequences of Diabetes mellitus?
Excess amounts of glucose in the blood leads to non-enzymatic glycoslyation which leads to thickening of the basement membrane of small vessels and atherosclerosis of large vessels. This damage to small vessels leads to retinopathy, glaucoma, neuropathy, glomerulosclerosis, hypertensions and kidney damage. The damage to large vessels leads to coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, and myocardial infections (the main cause of death in diabetes).
What are classified as mature defense mechanisms?
Sublimation (redirecting emotions into productive outlets), Altruism (using generosity of overcome negative feelings), Suppression (intentionally, temporarily withholding an idea or feeling from consciousness), and Humor (seeing the irony or amusement in anxiety-provoking or adverse situations).
A stab wound to the left anterior chest, between the 4th and 5th ribs would most likely injure what organ(s)?
A stab wound in between the 4th and 5th ribs on the left would most likely injure the heart, more specifically the right ventricle because it makes up the vast majority of the anterior surface of the heart.