How do I make the following sentence easier to read? "This project was given our third highest score of the ten projects, because of its benefit to salmon through planting riparian buffer, and moving a livestock bridge, to re-connect a historic side channel instead."
I would phrase it this way: "This project provides a medium benefit to salmon by planting riparian buffer and moving a livestock bridge to reconnect a historic channel. Because of this, we have given the project the third-highest score out of the ten projects." By breaking the sentence up into two you are able to more clearly articulate the point and make the sentence easier for readers to digest.
What is the difference between an elastic and an inelastic good?
An elastic good is a good where changes in price greatly affect demand. If, for example, Captain Crunch cereal suddenly jumped in price to $10 a box, people would stop buying it and buy another brand of cereal instead. An inelastic good on the other hand, is one where changes in price do not strongly affect demand. If gas jumps up to $6 a gallon, most people will continue to buy it because they need it to go about their daily lives even though it is much more expensive.
When writing, how do I know whether to use which or that? For example, would I say: The house which I lived in when I was seven was yellow, or The house that I lived in when I was seven was yellow?
The difference between these two depends upon whether the sentence contains a defining or a non-defining clause. A defining clause contains essential information that is important to the sentence, and means that the sentence would change if we removed this clause. In these types of sentences we use the word "that" instead of "which." Example: My hat that has a hole is hanging on my bedpost. In this sentence the hat is identified, or defined, by the fact that it has a hole in it, indicating that there are other hats that do not have holes. If, on the other hand, there was only one hat we would say: My hat, which has a hole, is hanging on my bedpost. This is considered a non-defining clause since it is not essential to include that the hat has a hole, it is simply extra information. To answer your question then, you would say The house that I lived in when I was seven was yellow. This is so because you have lived in multiple houses, and the word "that" helps to identify which of the houses you lived in you are talking about.