What is the purpose of a semicolon (;) ? A) To end a sentence. B) To mark a break in a sentence, usually between two closely related main clauses. C) To introduce a list or signal an explanation following a main clause. D) To mark the beginning and end of direct speech.
The Correct Answer is B. Explanation: A semicolon indicates a strong pause between two main clauses. When reading, this pause is more pronounced than a comma. The idea behind using a semicolon is to indicate that, while the two clauses COULD be two separate sentences, they are closely related enough that a semicolon is appropriate to use instead of a period. Semicolons can also be used to break up long lists that would otherwise turn into run-on sentences, or muddle the fluidity/clarity of the sentence. For Example: (1) I studied for an entire week; I expect to do well on the exam. (2) We are expecting doctors from Tallahasse, Florida; San Francisco, California; Cleveland, Ohio; and Austin, Texas to speak at the conference. Incorrect Answers Explained: > To end a sentence- This is the job of a period (.) For example: I am going to the store. > To introduce a list or signal an explanation following a main clause- This is the job of a colon (:). For example: Jimmy had to get a few things from the store: milk, eggs, cheese, and bread. D) To mark the beginning and end of direct speech- This is the job of quotation marks, also called inverted commas (" " or ' ' ). NOTE: The use of this particular punctuation may differ depending on what part of the world you are studying in. I will use the double quotation marks (" ") as it is what is universally used in the United States. For example: Sarah said to Jimmy, "Don't forget to pick up some dog treats."
Aaron is a 21 year old male who has recently begun hearing voices in his head, neglecting his hygiene, and withdrawing from his friends and family. Aaron is convinced that he is being followed by government officials, and has started working on setting up an extensive surveillance system around his home. Based on the information provided, Aaron is most likely suffering from what mental condition? A) Schizophrenia B) Depression C) Borderline Personality Disorder D) Social Anxiety Disorder
The Correct Answer is A. Explanation: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia is prevalent in both males and females. Age of onset between the two genders, however, differ: in men onset most often occurs in their mid/late teens to early 20's, in women onset most often occurs in their mid to late 20's. Signs of this mental condition include: delusions (such as Aaron's irrational belief that he was being followed by government agents), hallucinations (most commonly: auditory hallucinations, such as the voices Aaron heard in his head), and negative symptoms (such as Aaron withdrawing from friends and family, as well as neglecting his hygiene). Descriptions of the incorrect answer choices: -Depression: A mood disorder that affects how you feel, think, and handle daily activities. Signs of this disorder include: persistent feelings of sadness or anxiety, decreased energy or fatigue, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much, loss of interest in hobbies or daily activities, and thoughts of/ attempts at suicide. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks. -Borderline Personality Disorder: A mental illness that often involves an evident pattern of intense mood swings, self-image issues, and erratic or unusual behavior. Individuals that suffer from BPD can have impulse control issues, are prone to addictive behaviors, and are unable to maintain healthy interpersonal relationships due to irrational fears and paranoia of abandonment. People with borderline personality disorder may experience intense episodes of anger, depression, and anxiety that can last from a few hours to days. -Social Anxiety Disorder: A disorder that is marked by the persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people. The individual is in a constant state of worry and believes that any action on their part in these anxiety-inducing situations will be harshly scrutinized and criticized by others. The individual fears social rejection and public embarrassment, therefore they often avoid social situations entirely.
The words Flower and Flour are _________? A) Synonyms B) Antonyms C) Homophones D) Homonyms
The Correct Answer is C. Explanation: Homophones are a set of words that have the SAME pronunciation but DIFFERENT spelling and meaning. While FLOWER and FLOUR are pronounced the same, a FLOWER is a plant and FLOUR is a powder used in baking and cooking. Definitions for the other answer choices: -Synonyms: Words that have the same or similar meanings. Ex: Mad & Angry. -Antonyms: Words that have opposite meanings. Ex: Sad & Happy. -Homonyms: Words that have the SAME spelling but DIFFERENT pronunciation OR different meaning depending on the context. For example: 'RIGHT' - "You are right." In this sentence, the word right means to be correct. - "You are going to make a right at the stop sign." In this sentence, the word right is used as a directional term.