Theoretically, organic reactions are shown to be somewhat simple in synthesis and product formation. However, we have found this not be quite true. Organic chemists follow theoretical examples to synthesize new molecules, but are left with a mixture of products. How might the chemist be left with the target molecule; if that molecule was synthesized as part of the mixture?
When synthetic steps are taken, a mixture of products are usually formed instead of one pure product. To separate the target compound from the rest, the chemist must purify the mixture. There are a variety of purification techniques a chemist may use with the chemical and physical properties of the target compound in mind. Purification techniques include distillation, chromatography, filtration, evaporation, sublimation, and other more specific techniques used in chemistry fields.
Our basic understanding of chemistry is that an atom contains three main subatomic particles, protons, neutrons, and electrons. What do electrons do exactly?
Electrons are the glue that hold atoms together in a sense. They are the ones contributing to reactions for bond breakage and bond formation. Electrons are the ones who do all the work.
Chemistry is defined as the study of matter. In what ways to chemists carry out these studies? Furthermore, what are some examples of the products of these studies?
This question could have MANY different answers. Chemists study every facet of matter; this is the beauty of chemistry. From the synthesis of new compounds to be used for consumer goods or medication, to analytical techniques to study the chemical makeup of materials, chemistry leads to innovation of materials that we use everyday. Cell phones, medicine, makeup, adhesives, and many more have been held by a chemist before hitting the market.