What is the Strain Theory in relation to criminals and give an example.
The strain theory states that almost all individuals are in pursuit of the American Dream. However, many people lack the resources to get there which in turn creates a strain on their lifestyles. For example, the strain could be poverty, poor education, lack of support, lack of transportation, homelessness, etc. Oftentimes, those who experience strain become innovators and create their own version of the American Dream that they can aspire too that almost always involves criminal or delinquent behavior. An example of the strain theory in action would be an individual, without a job due to lack of an education, needs money to pay rent, so they decide to commit an armed robbery on a convenience store. This person is creating their own way to pay for a home without going the direct route due to the strain they are experiencing.
What are the four stages of development according to Piaget and what occurs during each?
1. Sensory Motor Stage (Birth- 2 yrs) children begin to form schemas about the objects and things that appear around them. Object permanence was discovered here. 2. Pre-Operations Stage (2-7 yrs) children continue to develop their thought processes and begin to develop vocabulary. They are also found to be ego-centric which means that they are only able to take their own point of view into consideration. 3. Concrete Operations Stage (7-11 yrs) Children's thoughts become more logical and well thought out (rational). Ego-centrism declines. 4. Formal Operations Stage (11-16 yrs) Children start to think abstractly and can apply their knowledge to the world around them.
What structure of the brain is primarily responsible for the emotion of fear?