This Middle Eastern country was once the home of the powerful Muslim Empire, the Ottoman Empire. In it's history, this coutry has gone through multiple capitals including Istanbul and Constantinople.
Turkey was once home to the Ottoman Empire. Constantinople was the original capital, named after Constantine. This was later changed to Istanbul. However after the fall of the Ottoman Empire after World War 1, the capital is now Ankara.
What are the "check and balances" of the U.S government, and why are they important?
"Checks and Balances" is the catch all term for the division of the United States government in to three parts. These three parts, or branches, are: Judicial, Legislative, and Executive branches. The judicial branch consists of the court system, with the Supreme Court being the highest court of all. The job of the supreme court is to ensure that the Constitution and the amendments within are being upheld, and that the ideals of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness are extended to all citizens always. The Legislative branch consists is the Congress of the united states. Congress is the branch directly elected by the people, and consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Together, Congress makes and passes laws, declares war, approves treaties and also impeach/investigates the federal powers that be. Finally, the executive branch is Mr. POTUS himself. The president proposes laws, inquires Congress to declare war, and acts as the overall "boss" of the nation. Together, The Legislative and the Judicial branch ensure that the executive branch does not turn in to a dictator or monarch. And the president can also check the other branches by appointing the supreme court justices and veto-ing any congressional decisions he may not agree with.
Does Abraham Lincoln deserve the title of "The Great Emancipator"?
This is such a popular thought when it comes to Abraham Lincoln. So many people say "Abe ended slavery with his Emancipation Proclamation". But this is not quite the case. For starters, during the civil war era, slavery was not illegal. And despite a widespread belief, the president does not have the power to do whatever he wanted. You see, during this time period, as disgusting as it may sound, slaves were considered to be property. During any time or act of war, whenever a side loses, then any land or people or property that are capture by the winning side belongs to their government. Therefor, when Lincoln issued his Proclamation in September of 1862, he said that any "property" (specifically slaves) that was won by the union would be set free. This was not simply a promise to free slaves that were won during the war, but it was also an attempt to re-unify the confederate states to the Union. This is because any states that were part of the Union were allowed to keep their slaves. While Lincoln definitely deserves to be called an Emancipator for his acts and beliefs as president, I am not sure if GREAT is a term that can describe his actions, specifically in relation to the "Emancipation Proclamation".