Tutor profile: Asa P.
Subject: Organic Chemistry
What is the difference between a primary, secondary, and tertiary carbocation?
For carbocation stability, tertiary is the most stable due to the amount of partial positive charge on the carbon. It has 2 other carbons around it, allowing it to spread that charge out among the other 2. 3>2>1 I can draw this out for you very well.
What is an acid?
An acid is any substance that has a pH of less than 7. Typically, this low pH indicates an abundance of H+ ions in solution. The higher the amount of H+ ions, the lower the pH.
What happens when a pathogen enters your body?
The first barrier of defense is your innate immune system. That includes: skin, finger nails, mucus, chemicals in the blood, etc. This is a very broad defense mechanism that destroys anything trying to come in. The next step is your advanced adaptive immune response, which I like to think of as the CIA. This response typically takes 4-7 days to approach, while your body develops an antibody for the pathogen to destroy.
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