Tutor profile: Miranda P.
Subject: US History
In a short answer (one paragraph), give one positive and one negative effect of the sudden influx of immigrants during the late 19th century.
A positive effect of the large number of immigrants during the 19th century is an influx of labor. During this time, the United States became extremely industrious thanks to this seemingly endless supply of labor. Immigrants often worked in factories, on railroads, and in other jobs which many wealthier Americans did not want to take. Unfortunately, a negative effect of immigration during this time was xenophobia. Many immigrant groups faced harsh treatment by Americans and by other immigrant groups, leading to city neighborhoods settled predominantly by one group. Certain groups were denied jobs or housing, and stereotypes were prevalent. It is a well-known story that Irish immigrants were denied jobs, but in reality, Asian immigrants were treated the worst. These groups often worked the railroad, as it was among the most physically demanding and dangerous jobs available.
Subject: Art History
How does Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres’s Grande Odalisque subvert established traditions of the female nude in art history? In a short answer of no more than a paragraph, give specific visual examples and historical context.
Ingres’s Grande Odalisque is one of a long history of reclining female nudes. However, with his work, Ingres attempts to challenge the traditional female nude by wiping the subject of her vitality and sexuality. The nudes from which Ingres took inspiration, like Titian’s Venus of Urbino, were relaxed, sensual, and warm. Their expressions were inviting, their hands often placed suggestively, and their bodies on full display. Ingres’s nude takes an almost entirely opposite position - she is tense, facing away from the viewer, and turning to look in what could be interpreted as discomfort or disinterest. Her hair, often the symbol of femininity and sensuality in traditional nudes, is covered by a head scarf. She is strange, long, and twisted, lacking any definition in muscle or any real warmth in her expression and her skin. With this work, Ingres has sucked the overt sensuality from the nude in order to make the viewer feel like a voyeur, rather than a warmly received guest.
Subject: AP Art History
The representation of light in art has been used to serve multiple purposes. Choose two artists, each from a different historical period, to demonstrate how the effects of light can be translated differently. Write a short response (1-2 paragraphs) explaining how each artist uses light as a tool in their work.
Painters have long sought to capture light through their work. The qualities of light can differ dramatically depending on time of day, weather, and many other factors. For some artists, like Claude Monet, this thirst to represent light meant painting en plein air, or outdoors, in order to capture light’s intangible magic. For others, like Artemisia Gentileschi, the representation of light served the purpose of setting a dramatic mood within a work. For both Monet and Gentileschi, light is used as a tool to evoke an emotional response for the viewer. Monet’s attempts to capture light were rooted in the desire to allow the viewer to feel immersed in the light itself, comforted by its glistening warmth. The artist wanted the light in his paintings to feel realistic, if not a bit idealized. To contrast, Gentileschi’s work is dramatically lit, utilizing heavy chiaroscuro. Deep, velvety shadows lend an air of mystery to her paintings, and the rich warmth of tone suggests intimate indoor settings and candlelight. Her paintings tell dramatic stories and rely on dramatic lighting to set the mood.
needs and Miranda will reply soon.