Tutor profile: William B.
How should one go about writing?
One should go about writing from two perspectives. The first would be 'from the heart'. When writing creative articles of even persuasive arguments, the heart and soul of one's feelings are important. The second would be 'from the distinguishing mind'. When writing professional articles, one must distinguish between the types of language and substance that are important for the bulk of the article.
Subject: Library and Information Science
What are the different parts of a reference interview?
The first part of the reference interview involves the greeting or welcoming whereby the librarian professionally greets a patron letting them know that they are available to help them. The second part involves gathering information from the patron. This can be tricky because sometimes patrons may not be clear about what they want. It is the responsibility of the reference librarian to ask open-ended questions to the patron that let them know what they are looking for. In that regard, they become aware of the 'exact question' the patron has which is the third part of the reference interview. The fourth part of the interview is intervention whereby the librarian consults the proper resources and/or library workers that can help the question be answered. It is the responsibility of the reference librarian to be aware of what resources are consistent with the patron's question. The final part of the reference interview involves 'finishing' the interview whereby the reference librarian provides a full summary the resources and services provided for them and asks them if they need any additional assistance. In addition, they should remind them that if they need any additional help, they are there to help them.
Subject: US History
What was the Iranian Hostage Crisis?
The Iranian Hostage Crisis was brought out by a number of factors. Through the scope of U.S. History, the causes of the Iranian Hostage Crisis trace back to the Eisenhower Administration. The U.S. Government, in collaboration with the United Kingdom, orchestrated the 1953 Iranian coup d'etat in which the democratically elected Prime MInister of Iran was overthrown in favor of strengthening the monarchical rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. The Shah of Iran stayed in power until the Iranian Revolution occurred whereby the Ayatollah Khomeini took over rule of Iran and the Shah was excommunicated from the country. The Shah had been supported by every Presidential Administration from Eisenhower to Carter. In 1979, President Carter allowed the healing Shah of Iran to be admitted to the United States for medical treatment. This angered the Ayatollah whom ordered that 60 American Diplomats at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran be held hostage. Some were released but the majority remained hostage in Iran for 444 days. The Carter Administration attempted diplomacy but to no avail and even resorted to economic sanctions on Iran. A failed rescue mission in 1980 further damaged Carter's image and contributed to his being defeated by Ronald Reagan. The Hostages were not released until January 20th, 1980, moments after Reagan was sworn into office. The reason for their release remains to be a debatable topic. Just days for Reagan was sworn into office, Carter lifted the sanctions on Iran and issued the 'Algiers Accords' to secure their release. While they were placed in the airport for release, the Iranian government did not approve their release until Reagan was sworn in, thereby preventing any credibility of Carter releasing the hostages.
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