Tutor profile: Jacob K.
Subject: Political Science
What are the benefits of a ranked choice voting system?
Ranked choice voting is a system in which when voting in an election rather than voting for a single candidate you vote for a series of them (frequently 3) in which you rank them according to your preference. The primary benefit of In this system is that a candidate must achieve a majority of the vote rather than a plurality to be elected. If no candidate gets this majority from the tier 1 votes they move to the tier 2 votes and then to the tier 3 votes to see if someone has achieved the required number of votes. Another benefit to this system is that extremely negative candidates that appeal to a certain section of society would be less likely to win an election as they would likely be left off of the ballots of all but those who adamantly support them. A final benefit is in allowing multiple tiered votes to be cast smaller political parties have a greater chance to win elections allowing issues that the larger parties are neglecting to be brought to the table.
Subject: US History
What were the founding principles of the Pennsylvania Colony?
Founded in 1681 after being chartered to William Penn, the Pennsylvania colony was founded in accordance with Penn's Quaker values. Personally fleeing religious persecution, Pennsylvania was established with a policy of religious tolerance allowing for all who believed in God to worship freely in the territory, which is not terribly tolerant in our modern context but was remarkable for its time. The second essential principle that Pennsylvania was found upon was a general policy of peaceful behavior. Quakers were pacifists and that ideology was adopted into the colony's government. This was most clearly demonstrated in the treaties that William Penn made with Native Americans in the Pennsylvania territory. Unlike the treatment given to natives in many of the colonies Pennsylvania maintained peaceful and fair treaties with them for the entirety of Penn's life.
Subject: European History
What was the biggest factor in the fall of Rome in 476 AD?
First, we should acknowledge that Rome lives on as the Byzantine Empire for almost an entire millennium after the fall of the western empire. In fact, this is the crux of what caused western Rome to fall. After Constantine moved the capitol east to Byzantium and creatively renamed it to Constantinople it became clear that the focus of the Roman Empire had also moved away from the Italian Peninsula. With this change in the central administrative region there was an increased difficulty in governing the western empire, combining this with the ever increasing cost to maintain the empire's borders it becomes much more understandable that Odoacer the German could take over the city and much of the western territory removing the lands from Roman control for the first time in many hundred years.
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