Cardiovascular disease is a serious and debilitating disease and is increasing in prevalence in many developing countries. List modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors related to cardiovascular disease.
Non-modifiable - Genetics, ethnicity, age Modifiable - smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity, unhealthy diets
List 5 reasons why physical activity is important in adolescence.
- Improves strength and endurance - Helps build health bones and muscles - Helps to control a healthy weight - Reduces anxiety and stress - Increases self esteem
Give a basic overview of the cardiovascular system.
The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and approximately 5 litres of blood. The cardiovascular system is powered by the heart, with the aim to transport oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and cellular waste throughout the body via blood vessels. Without the cardiovascular system, life cannot be sustained.