Tutor profile: Jennie W.
A student is writing a research paper. She is given the following prompt: The goal of this assignment is to explore one of the schools of clinical psychology beyond the textbook and include therapeutic techniques developed by that specific clinical school of thought. Choose one of the following schools of thought to begin researching: Psychoanalytic Theory, Humanistic Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, or Behavioral Psychology. Make sure to answer the following questions: 1. What are the major theoretical foundations of this field of psychology (how do psychologists within this school of thought explain human behavior and thought)? Make sure to include the following: 2. Who were/are the major founders and key figures associated with this field of psychology? What are their roles? Think of the following: 3. What therapeutic approaches have been developed from this field of psychology? 4. What client populations are effectively served by these therapeutic approaches? What steps should this student take to ensure that she is going to turn in an A+ paper?
1. Create an outline for the paper. 2. Gather sources utilizing peer-reviewed articles, books, or websites. Ask the teacher to review these sources to ensure they are appropriate. 3. When writing, make sure that the content addresses the writing prompt. Does half of the content of the paper include the major theoretical foundations of the theory chosen and the major founders of the theory? Does the second half of the paper include therapeutic approaches developed from the theory and the client populations who are successfully treated by these therapeutic approaches? 4. Edit the content. Look for grammatical and spelling errors. Also consider the organization of the paper and the length. When proofreading, read the paper aloud to catch errors you may otherwise miss. Ask a classmate, family member, or writing tutor to take another look at your paper as well. A fresh set of eyes can be very helpful! 5. Check the formatting of your paper and make sure that it meets your teacher's expectations. This includes: font style and size, spacing, justification, use of indentation, page numbers, a title page, a references page, use of headings, and citation style/formatting.
Explain Bowlby's theory of attachment, including the internal working model of attachment. Highlight the relevance of this theory in early childhood development and how humans utilize their internal working model across the lifespan.
Attachment theory provides a framework to understand the longitudinal impact of early childhood experiences on development. Attachment security may predict socioemotional and cognitive outcomes across time, with special attention paid to the intersection of adverse caregiver behavior and child development. Insecure attachment in infancy is a significant predictor of maladjustment in later development. While infants who form secure attachments are more likely to develop emotionally healthy relationships as they age and display greater self-confidence and higher self-esteem, children who are insecurely attached are more likely to face specific challenges in socioemotional and cognitive development. Children who develop insecure, avoidant attachments may engage in aggressive and antisocial behaviors and have a greater likelihood of developing externalizing disorders. Children displaying an insecure, ambivalent (or resistant, anxious) attachment style are more likely to have short attention spans and limited frustration tolerance and may be described as needy in their relationships. Over time, insecure, ambivalent children are more likely to develop internalizing disorders, including anxiety and depression. Infants who develop an insecure, disorganized (or disoriented) attachment style are likely to have the poorest outcomes longitudinally and are more likely to have experienced maltreatment early in development. These infants are also more likely to be diagnosed with neurological disorders such as ASD, cerebral palsy, and Down’s syndrome at or shortly after birth. Over time, children with an insecure, disorganized attachment are more likely to engage in externalizing behaviors and develop dissociative and personality disorders. Given the deleterious outcomes associated with insecure attachment, the increased focus on the essential attachment bond that begins at birth is unsurprising as is the effort to improve parenting practices to foster secure attachments.
Of Jane Austen's six major works, "Pride and Prejudice" is typically selected for high school students as they expand their literary repertoires. In this famous novel, what do the words "pride" and "prejudice" refer to in the two central characters?
Elizabeth Bennet and Fitzwilliam Darcy are the novels two main protagonists. Bennet's pride is displayed through her disdain for Darcy, beginning from their first meeting at a country ball. She overhears him insulting her which damages her pride; she remains biased in her opinion of him over the course of the novel, and later events add to her negative opinions. Darcy will offend her again by insulting the Bennet family during his proposal of marriage, stating that they are decidedly beneath him socially. She rejects him, noting Darcy's prejudice towards the lower class, a central point of the conflict throughout the novel. He separates Jane Bennet, Elizabeth's older sister, and his friend Charles Bingley due to this prejudice. believing that Jane and her family can only be after Bingley's large estate.
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