Tutor profile: Mitchell P.
Subject: Study Skills
What is a good practice to better utilize notes taken during class?
Interacting with your notes only when you take them and when you are cramming for an exam is not practical or efficient. Think about it, in order to become skilled at shooting a basketball, it is going to take repetition and creating muscle memory. That means shooting outside of regular practice and games. The same can be said for your notes. The same day you take notes in class, you need to pull them out later in the day and read them start to finish. There are a few good strategies for what to do next, but one of the most effective ways to embed the information in your brain is to highlight the top 3-5 concepts from the notes and summarize them in paragraph form. This forces you to interact with the information in a new way. Then once a week until the exam, pull the notes back out and re-read them, perhaps even writing them out again. There are many other ways to interact with our notes: create a graphic organizer to sort the information, create questions that you can answer using your notes and from memory, or literally plan a lesson as if YOU were going to teach the information to other students. There are many ways to make sure we use our notes more effectively, but the key is to just interact with them more than twice.
Subject: US Government and Politics
How did the U.S. Constitution give more power to the federal government than the Articles of Confederation did?
One of the major weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was that it gave too little power to the federal government. There was not much unity between the states, and the federal government had no power to tax states, train a military, or even regulate trade between the states. The U.S Constitution gave the federal government more power to create a better sense of unity between the states and in the country as a whole. This was done through the use of the Supremacy Clause and the Necessary and Proper Clause. The Supremacy Clause (Article VI) states that the federal government "shall be the supreme Law of the Land." In other words, no state laws can conflict with a federal law. The Necessary and Proper Clause (Article I Sec. 8) gives Congress the power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to complete its legal duties. These two clauses helped unite all states under one form of government.
Subject: US History
What caused the famed Stock Market Crash of 1929 in the United States?
While there is not one single instance or example that can be attributed to the crash, there are generalizations that can be made. The 1920's in the United States was an extremely prosperous time. New technology was not only making life easier, but it created an economic boom for the country's industries. Stock prices rose, but so did the ordinary citizens' ability to invest and buy shares. During the decade, the markets saw as much as a 5 - 6 times increase in the Dow Jones Industrial Average. When people saw how much money could be made, they naturally jumped on board and bought shares, sometimes participating in margin trading (essentially buying shares with a down payment and taking out a loan on the rest). The inflated markets were not a completely accurate representation of what the actual market looked like. Even though the markets were doing exceptionally well, a bubble was created by the inflated stock prices, and all bubbles must burst. This bubble burst on October 24, 1929. When it did, stock prices plummeted and in the course of four days, our economy tanked. Peoples' savings were wiped out. Companies went bankrupt, the economy tanked, and thus the Great Depression of the 1930's began. The 1930's led to sweeping economic change, implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in his New Deal. This included programs like Social Security, worker protections, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) which insures against people losing money that is held in an account such as a savings account at a bank. The U.S. economy did not completely recover until during and after World War II.
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