Tutor profile: Allyson L.
When writing a research paper, how can you avoid plagiarism? Is paraphrasing enough? How do I create an in-text citation if necessary?
Paraphrasing the author's work can sometimes be enough to avoid plagiarism. However, if you take any information at all that is the author's work and is something that is not common knowledge (like statistics, facts, dates, etc.), you need to include an in-text citation. The easiest way to avoid plagiarism is to follow this rule: when in doubt, cite it! For example, in an article about cats, it states that "they can hear 65,000 cycles per second, where we can only hear 20,000." You can paraphrase this as, "A typical cat’s hearing is more than three times better than the average human’s hearing." However, since the "three times better" is based on the statistics the author presented, you must include a citation. One way to do that is to include the author's last name and page number of the information in a parenthetical (in this case, MLA) in-text citation. Notice that the period comes AFTER the citation: "A typical cat’s hearing is more than three times better than the average human’s hearing" (Logan-McCracken, 39).
Subject: Library and Information Science
When beginning research on a particular topic, what is the best way to search for digital sources?
The best place to start is to use databases provided by your school or public library. Databases are collections of resources that have already been assessed for validity. After databases, try websites that have been provided by a teacher or sites for reliable organizations/institutions, such as newspapers, museums, and libraries/educational institutions. Make sure when you are searching digital sources that you use keywords instead of an entire research question. Think about the words you want to find information on, not all of the words in the research question.
(This question pertains to the novel Atherton: The House of Power by Patrick Carman) When Samuel encounters Isabel in Chapter 26, he calls out, “Iʼm not going to hurt you!” Why is this ironic? (The teacher may need to explain irony: a situation where the reader can see a much different meaning than the character.)
When Samuel encounters Isabel in Chapter 26, he tries to reassure her that he wonʼt hurt her. This is ironic because Isabel is far more dangerous to Samuel than he is to her. Isabel can use her sling skillfully and is courageous when facing adults in positions of power, even the dangerous Lord Phineus. Samuel, on the other hand, is not very athletic or physically capable and is very quiet and timid. Because the reader knows that Isabel is much more dangerous than Samuel, his statement is an example of irony.
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