What is parallelism and why is it importance in writing?
Parallelism is when listed clauses in a sentence are constructed in a parallel manner. Not only does it establish rhythm, but it also allows for smooth knowledge consumption by the reader, minimizing confusion and increasing the impact of your writing. Ex (Non-Parallel): Kantian ethics reasons that moral law is rational, reason is sourced from the will of human beings, and acts from natural inclination do not count as moral acts. Ex (Parallel):Kantian ethics reasons that moral law is rational, human will creates reason, and natural inclination isn't moral.
Why are rational choice theories generally associated with the prevention of situational crime?
Rational choice relies on the idea that humans, and criminals, weigh the cost and benefit of their actions or crimes committed. They do not probe the existence of specific motivations to commit crime, but instead analyze how potential offenders might weigh the costs and benefiting of committing specific crimes in specific situations. They analyze the difference between situations that lead to criminal activity and situations that don't. Thus, rational choice theories are utilized to change specific situations so that the cost outweighs the benefit of crime. An example of one such situational prevention method is increased lighting in a dark alley.
What are the primary argument and critique of Arturo Escobar's development psychology writings?
Escobar had advocated for community-centered problem-solving in development planning; he suggests that local and/or indigenous community knowledge should be valued in planning development changes. His work is considered to be a decolonizing paradigm for international development practices and knowledge production. A critique of Escobar is that he romanticizes community knowledge in a simplistic manner and fails to consider a wholly realistic picture of development inputs and outputs.