Tutor profile: Ryan D.
Subject: Religious Studies
What was primarily responsible for the "Christianization" of the Roman empire by 325 AD?
The Roman Empire, by 325 AD, was a "Christian" empire, quite a turn from its polytheistic historical roots and practices. How did this occur? How did a sect of Judaism, which found its genesis in the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth, transform the Roman Empire so quickly and thoroughly? The first major event that propelled Christianity from Jerusalem, outward, was persecution. As both Jewish and Roman authorities sought to tamp down the religious fervor of this new sect, known originally as The Way, arrests and detainments were made and leaders of the sect were killed. The second major event was the Roman sack of Jerusalem in AD 70-73, which resulted in the deportation of many inhabitants of Jerusalem and the surrounding countryside, including may followers of The Way. Moreover, early Christians used the Pax Romana to their benefit as they traveled over roads connecting major cities and enjoyed the overall sense of peace (relatively speaking, of course) that prevailed. By the time the emperor Constantine declared Rome a Christian empire, millions of Roman subjects and citizens had joined The Way, and had come to be known as Christians. The religious commitment of early Christians, demonstrated in the way they interacted with each other, cared for the sick, and rescued exposed children from certain death, caught the attention of many, resulting in conversion rates that almost stagger the mind. However, were it not for the Pax Romana and the network of roads provided, along with protection from the rule of law and Roman legions, it is unlikely such a sect could have so pervasively transformed a society such as the Roman Empire.
Subject: US History
What role did Alexander Hamilton play in the founding of the United States?
Alexander Hamilton played a crucial role in the founding of the United States. Born in less than desirable conditions on the island of Nevis, Hamilton was sponsored by a local businessman to travel to the then British colonies in North America, for education. Hamilton applied himself to his studies and eventually read the law, becoming an attorney in New York. When the Declaration of Independence was announced, Hamilton joined the Revolution. He eventually became an attache to General George Washington and composed much of Washington's correspondence. Hamilton was influential in the ratification of the Constitution, wiring many of the Federalist Papers, which were designed to explain the benefits of ratification and to convince States to do so. Hamilton served a Secretary of the Treasury and met an untimely, unfortunate, and unexpected demise at the hands of Arron Burr, the former Vice President and candidate for governor of New York, an election that he lost and blamed on Hamilton.
What is the most effective method of communicating a message to an audience? What elements need to be present in order to capture and maintain an audience's attention and how can I be sure my communication obtains a positive result?
The most effective method of communicating a message to an audience, of any size, is to establish credibility. If you can establish credibility with your audience--meaning your audience believes what you are communicating and is likely to act upon it--you will be able to obtain a positive result and will be assured that your communication is effective. How, though, does one establish credibility? There are two elements to credibility: (1) Clarity of message; and (2) Confidence in the communicator. First, your message must be clear. If you cannot clearly and concisely present the information you are attempting to communicate, an audience will not believe what you are saying, regardless of its veracity or importance. Audiences simply turn off and fail to respond to that which they do not understand or comprehend. Clarity of message is a precursor to the second element, which is confidence. A clear message, communicated confidently, is presumed credible. Confidence, however, is not arrogance or pressure. Confidence is a combination of boldness and certainty that originates in belief. If you do not believe what you are communicating, neither will your audience. To be confident, you must first understand your own message and believe it. A clearly and confidently communicated message provides the credibility needed for effective communication and to achieve a positive result from an audience.
needs and Ryan will reply soon.