The primary structure of a protein consists of amino acids that are covalently linked via ___ bonding, whereas the alpha helices and beta sheets found in secondary protein structures are stabilized via ____ bonding.
Peptide bonding; hydrogen bonding
This principle states that when equilibrium is altered (by changes in pressure, temperature, concentration, etc.), the equilibrium will shift to alleviate that change.
Le Chatelier's Principle
In glycolysis, three enzymatic reactions require energy (ATP) and are thus irreversible. What are the three irreversible enzymatic reactions in glycolysis?
Reactions catalyzed by hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, and pyruvate kinase are irreversible because they are coupled to the hydrolysis of ATP to ADP and Pi.