Tutor profile: Michael K.
Subject: US History
This question refers to the following passage from Marbury v. Madison (1803): “So if a law be in opposition to the constitution; if both the law and the constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the constitution; or conformably to the constitution, disregarding the law; the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty.” Which of the following statements accurately summarizes the concept of judicial review, as established by Marbury v. Madison?
The correct answer is (D). Judicial review allows the Supreme Court to interpret the Constitution and declare invalid any laws that conflict with it.
(The following is an excerpt from The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass.) Mr. Severe, the overseer, used to stand by the door of the quarter, armed with a large hickory stick and heavy cow skin, ready to whip any one who was so unfortunate as not to hear, or, from any other cause, was prevented from being ready to start for the field at the sound of the horn. Mr. Severe was rightly named: he was a cruel man. I have seen him whip a woman, causing the blood to run half an hour at the time; and this, too, in the midst of her crying children, pleading for their mother’s release. He seemed to take pleasure in manifesting his fiendish barbarity. Added to his cruelty, he was a profane swearer. It was enough to chill the blood and stiffen the hair of an ordinary man to hear him talk. Scarce a sentence escaped him but that was commenced or concluded by some horrid oath. The field was the place to witness his cruelty and profanity. His presence made it both the field of blood and of blasphemy. From the rising till the going down of the sun, he was cursing, raving, cutting, and slashing among the slaves of the field, in the most frightful manner. His career was short. He died very soon after I went to Colonel Lloyd’s; and he died as he lived, uttering, with his dying groans, bitter curses and horrid oaths. His death was regarded by the slaves as the result of a merciful providence. Mr. Severe’s place was filled by a Mr. Hopkins. He was a very different man. He was less cruel, less profane, and made less noise, than Mr. Severe. His course was characterized by no extraordinary demonstrations of cruelty. He whipped, but seemed to take no pleasure in it. He was called by the slaves a good overseer. QUESTION: Which statement does NOT describe Mr. Severe? A A sadistic tyrant B So brutal that the slaves viewed his death as a blessing C A disgusting, cruel slave owner D Somewhat inhuman E An archetypical slave overseer
The correct answer is (C). Don't ignore the word "NOT" in the question. It means that 4/5 choices WILL accurately describe Mr. Servere. Douglass gives many showing details in this passage to highlight Mr. Severe's brutality: his beating of slaves, his foul language, his overall cruelty. Although he is disgusting and cruel, Mr. Severe is the overseer, not the slave owner.
Solve the equation 5(-3x - 2) - (x - 3) = -4(4x + 5) + 13.
First, multiply the factors: 15x - 10 - x + 3 = -16x - 20 +13 Next, group like terms: -16x - 7 = -16x - 7 Now add 16x + 7 to both sides and write the equation as 0 = 0. The above statement is true for all values of x and therefore all real numbers are solutions to the given equation.
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