Tutor profile: Emily L.
Subject: Library and Information Science
Is your information the real deal? How do you check resources for legitimacy?
There are several ways to verify the legitimacy of resources you are using for a project or paper: 1. Where is it From? - What or who is the site publisher? Does it have a well established, credible reputation (i.e. government-run site, unbiased news network, a peer-reviewed journal)? An editorial or blog with someone's personal opinion or a known satirical site are not reputable. 2. Who Wrote It? - Do some research on the author- are they an expert on this topic? Find out what gives them the authority to write about the topic. Is it possible they have a hidden agenda or ulterior motive for writing this piece? 3. Check the Date- Was the piece written or published recently? A good rule of thumb: <5 years for peer-reviewed journals and 1 day-1 week for news stories, with discretion. Older stories may recirculate online, appearing to be recent and relevant. 4. Supporting Sources- Does the author cite their sources within and at the end of the article or study? If so, click on these links to investigate! It is a BIG red flag if an author does not cite the sources they used. 5. What is the Purpose? - What is the purpose of this information? Is it relevant? Is it meant to scare, provide facts, or entertain? Keep in mind: News companies MUST print facts (it is illegal for them not to), but some may embellish stories to entertain or out of bias. 6. Ask an Expert- When in doubt, ask your local or school librarian! Librarians are trained in deciphering "good sources" from "bad sources," and showing you every step of the research process. Also, consider a credible fact-checking site.
Subject: Early Childhood Education
What are the 4 major areas of Early Childhood Development?
Early Childhood Development is generally characterized into 4 major areas for children Birth-5: 1. Language/Communication Development (cooing, laughing, waving/gestures, beginning to speak) 2. Social/Emotional Development (smiling, self-soothing, controlling emotions, etc.) 3. Physical Development (Gross and Fine Motor Skills) 4. Cognitive Development (thinking, learning, problem-solving)
What are the main educational philosophies practiced in mainstream education today?
There are several main educational philosophies. They can be broken down into 3 larger categories: teacher-centered, student-centered, and society-centered. Teacher-centered tends to be the most widely practiced by educators, especially in the United States. Teacher-Centered Philosophies: 1. Essentialism: The most widely practiced within the public education system, essentialism teaches "essential" knowledge and skills that students may need as a part of society. 2. Perennialism: Perennialism in general focuses on the teaching of "great works." In education, however, it involves teaching students practical moral and ethical skills. Student-Centered Philosophies: 1. Progressivism: Similar to Perennialism, Progressivism also focusing on developing the "moral code" of students 2. Humanism: Humanism focuses the student as a whole 3. Constructivism: Constructivism uses the education system as a whole to shape students Society-Centered Philosophies: (Not commonly practiced with the US public education system, but worth noting): 1. Reconstructionism: Teaches that education can "reform" and "reconstruct" the deep issues of society. 2. Behaviorism: Uses the educational system to foster behaviors that are beneficial to society.
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