Tutor profile: Jose G.
What the heck is "subjuntivo"?
The subjunctive (subjuntivo) is the black sheep of the family of the three main moods in Spanish, the other two being indicative and the imperative. The mood is very hard to use or learn logically for a foreign student. Mainly it is used to express desires, abstract ideas or emotions. If you are using subjunctive there is a fair chance you would also use the Spanish word 'ojalá' (something like hopefully). Don't freak out, just ask for help!
Why is it so hard to manage the verbs in German?
Well, basically it is because there are two types of sentences that you will use: the Hauptsatz (which is a clause that has a subject and a predicate and is able to stand alone) and the Nebensatz ( clauses that are for adding information about a noun and are dependent on a main clause). To set the verb on the right position you will have to identify which kind of sentence you are using. If you are writing a Hauptsatz, the main verb should be always on the second position, the rest of the information can change its position depending on the grammatical case. If you are writing a Nebensatz, the conjugated verb is placed at the end of the sentence.
Subject: Film and Theater
Who is on a film set? (who is above the line and who is below the line?)
The film crew is composed by two types of crew members: those above the line, that negotiate the payment before the shooting begins; and those below the line, that get paid a rate for every day they work. Who is above the line?: Script writers, departments directors (like the production designer, the cinematographer, the art director, the sound director and the general director) , producers and certain actors. Who is below the line?: Assistant directors, assistant producers, the camera operator, the camera assistant, the gaffer (Chief Lighting Technician), the best boy electric, all the grip department, the script supervisor, the wardrobe department, hair and makeup artists and art assistants.
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