How many 36-passenger buses will it take to carry 144 people?
I would first ask student to underline the numbers you need to solve problem. Then, which words have a clue on how to solve it? I would explain that we need to divide in order to find out how many buses are needed. I would explain that you have 144 people and are dividing them into buses
How do you solve for x if x=2? x+2=5
I woud tell the student first you need to think of what number added to 2 can give you 5. The I would show how to fill in different numbers to see if added to 2 it gives you 5
What is 2x2=?
I can demonstrate concept of multiplication through use of blocks. For example, I show how 2x4=8 by placing 2 blocks in 4 groups. I teach how to represent multiplication problems using blocks so that they understand concept that it is repeated addition.