Tutor profile: Katie D.
What is passive voice?
In English, sentences are structured where the subject (the do-er) performs an action on the object (the receiver). For example: Lucy (subject) sang (verb) a song (object). This is a sentence written in active voice. When a sentence is written in passive voice, the subject and object are switched, making the idea come across less directly, therefore, more passively. For example: a song (object) was sung (verb) by Lucy (subject). Putting the subject at the end of the sentence often makes the message more unclear and more prone for mistakes.
What are some of the biggest themes in The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald?
The American Dream and the decline of such in 1920s, as well as romance, and wealth/materialism in society are three of the big themes in this novel. The events in the novel are carried through the theme of romance, as Gatsby pursues Daisy, who is conflicted about her feelings for her husband. The decline of the American Dream is shown, more specifically, through Gatsby's infatuation with Daisy and the rapid decline of events that results from him trying to force his desired outcome and failing. This is comparable to the ideals and the unattainability of the American Dream.
How can you tell what the author's purpose is?
You can tell based on the way the author presents their information. You can infer that the information is intended only to inform if it is unbiased and factual. If the information is opinionated and seems to encourage the reader to feel a certain way about a topic, it is usually persuasive. If the information is presented as a narrative, with fictional events and characters, this often indicates that the author's purpose is to entertain.