How does the arrangement of forms convey different emotions?
The flow of a poster or other type of info-graphic can translate how the designer wants the reader to feel or think about the poster. If we arrange forms at multiple angles, weaving in and out of each other, we can get the emotion of 'rushing', as in the forms give a sense of moving fast, as if we need the reader to read the poster rapidly. However, if everything is arranged neatly and organized in their own respective areas, then the reader has a sense of pacing, of flow, and calmness.
Give a brief explanation of how America went from a neutral country that did not participate in wars to the leading military force on the globe. Cite specific events.
The neutrality of America began with the first beginnings of government within our country. We maintained a policy of small military, except for the Civil War and other home-based fighting, and peacetime economy. When World War One started in 1914, America still maintained a period of neutrality, led by Woodrow Wilson, despite the fact that there were loans still being supplied to the Allied powers. However, the exact moment that the policy on neutrality changed was when the RMS Lusitania was struck by a German U-boat in 1917. This prompted President Wilson to issue a threat that if attacks continued, they would enter the war. When the Zimmermann Telegraph was intercepted between Germany and Mexico, this event finally spurred the American government to change from peace to wartime. And after this, once the war ended, the Neutrality Acts began to be enacted in the 1930s. This took our global militarization progress a step back, but the eruption of World War Two and then the bombing of Pearl Harbor in December of 1941 permanently took America out of isolation and into the global spot lite.
How can art historians discern the cultural beliefs and ideals from artifacts and paintings left by ancient cultures? Please use examples to back up your answer.
The religious and cultural beliefs pertaining to different cultures can be explained by examining the locations and even ancient writings where artifacts and paintings are found. The placement of a statue of a hippo in ancient Egyptian tombs can mean several different things. To give cultural background for the hippo, hippos in ancient Egypt mean several different things. On one hand, hippos were the destructive and dangerous beasts who attacked humans and destroyed their crops, and carried around the evil spirit Set. In this context, the hippos would be shown in paintings as being killed by fierce men, such as Ti and the Hippopotamus Hunt (5th Dynasty, Old Kingdom). But, if shown in tombs, especially in the tombs of women, hippos were to be regarded and respected, as they controlled the waterways to the afterlife. In addition, if placed in a woman's tomb, it could be argued that it means that they were a good mother as hippos were also regarded as fierce protectors of their young. This can be seen in a small faience hippopotamus statue called the Standing Hippo (Middle Kingdom), or "William" as the Met Museum in New York has dubbed him. The hippo is covered in delicate depictions of reeds and lotus flowers, and is meant to represent the revitalizing properties of the Nile River, but with three legs broken off to prevent harm in the afterlife. To conclude, belief and cultural ideals can be discerned from artifacts and paintings by examining the emotions and styles of the artifacts, and by learning about the culture from writings left behind.