Is the United States a direct democracy?
No, the United States is a federal republic.
Are statewide initiatives democratic or undemocratic?
In taking a deeper look at the initiative process in America, its current form not only fails to resemble its creator’s intentions of widening access to civic participation, but instead embodies the ills in the political system that it sought to check in the first place. Indeed, as many scholars have pointed out, we have seen the initiative come “full circle, from a grassroots movement at century’s dawn to special-interest takeover of a process meant to curb them, to a rich man’s way of empowering voters."
How does trauma impact the capacity of students to learn?
The effects of complex trauma and adverse childhood experiences, left untreated, will deeply impact the capacity of a student to learn. Sensory deprivation or maldevelopment of the brain will affect domains like language usage, short term memory, and ability to comprehend text. Other social functions like empathy, impulse control, and mood regulation can be diminished.