Tutor profile: Pranav M.
What is the best way to write an essay?
Through extensive experience, I can confidently say that the life hack to writing an essay is starting with an outline. It often seems like a tedious, easily skippable step (trust me, I've been there). However, taking the extra effort to brainstorm and jot down ideas in an organized manner makes the essay writing ten times easier! Students want to blaze through an essay, writing what they believe the teacher wants to read for the particular assignment. They mentally create very vague arguments and rely on their own memory when writing. Unfortunately, relying on our faulty memory to conjure profound writing often doesn't work. Making an outline not only helps visualize ideas in a concrete, organized manner, it also allows writing to become far more simple as the general direction of the paper is already determined.
Are "learning styles" valid? (preference for auditory, visual, kinetic learning) Should they be relied on when learning?
Fortunately, there has been a lot of research done on this subject. Many rely on their learning style preference to study/learn a certain way. In fact, students even widely use this reasoning as a way to explain their academic difficulties. (information was taught visually, and they learn better in an auditory manner). Experiments separated students into groups based on their preferred learning style. Then researchers administered each group a mode of instruction that matches their learning style and a mode of instruction that doesn't. For each learning styles group, if one method of instruction proves to yield higher academic outcomes than the the other, then the idea of preferring a certain learning style has some merit. However, the studies show that this does not happen! The idea of learning better based on a preferred learning style is not scientifically supported. Every student studies better in their own individual way, and shouldn't restrict themselves to these learning styles. Explore different strategies and use what works best for you!
Subject: Cognitive Science
What exactly is cognitive science and how is it different from psychology?
Cognitive science is very similar to psychology in that both focus on studying the mind and behavior. However, cognitive science aims to understand the mind and nervous systems as a machine. It focuses specifically on the mind represents, processes, and transforms information as a computer would. It is highly interdisciplinary and draws upon many subjects, such as computer science, psychology, and neuroscience.
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