What are two common obstacles to writing faced by most writers and at least one tactic for overcoming each?
1. Don't know what to write about: For any type of writing, the writer must know what it is they are writing. Is it an essay for school? A report for work? A poem for a sick friend? A how-to book? A movie script? A novel? It is never enough to want to be a writer. One must know what type of writer they are called to be today. Some days it is a report writer. Other days it is a poem writer. And perhaps for many days, a script or novel writer. One must settle the question of what is being written before any writing can start. 2. Don't know what to write about today (writer's block): Once a writer knows what is to be written today, the next challenge is to start. What does one write first? The title? A synopsis? An outline? Write the ending first? To overcome this writer's block, the writer must start writing. With abandon and without self-criticism. Ignore spelling and grammar issues. Assume that what is written is necessary, but will not be part of the finished product. It was a priming of the pump to get the words flowing. Remember, the power behind the writer's block is fear; fear that what is written won't be praiseworthy. So, assume it won't be very good and write it anyway. Often, it is not as bad as once feared. Writers write. Writing is what writers do. Put words on a page and then there'll be something to work with.
Describe two places in modern society where Information Technology has changed it, for better or for worse.
1. Tax Administration - the current complexity of the Federal Tax Code could not exist without the advent of Information Technology. The Federal Government needs Information Technology in order to enact and enforce the new complexity which is far more than tax agents with calculators and paper files could do. Also, Tax Preparers need Information Technology to correctly adhere to the complexity of the modern Tax Code. 2. Personal Privacy - the current availability of personal information is impossible without Information Technology. Today it is easy to purchase things on-line, to apply for employment or government services, and to communicate with others and share information. However, the existence of this information facilitated by Information Technology is threatened by abuses of Information Technology in the form of hacking, ransom-ware, and identity theft.
What, if any, are the differences between Management (Managers) and Leadership (Leaders)?
Management involves learning and using numerous proven methods, techniques, processes, and even tools that help ensure attainment of an organization's Mission and Goals. Management focuses on the impersonal processes, metrics, and outcomes of a group of people. Managers are mostly interchangeable because of this focus on the mechanics rather than the people. Leadership focuses on the personnel in the group. It aims to motivate and support each person in the group. Leaders build rapport with their team mates, identify their weaknesses and strengths, and strive to build a team that is greater than the sum of its parts. Leaders are not interchangeable because of their increased focus on their people.