Tutor profile: Maggie C.
Subject: US Government and Politics
How are electors chosen in US elections?
Choosing each State's electors is a two-part process. First, the political parties in each State choose slates of potential electors sometime before the general election. Second, during the general election, the voters in each State select their State's electors by casting their ballots. The first part of the process is controlled by the political parties in each State and varies from State to State. Generally, the parties either nominate slates of potential electors at their State party conventions or they chose them by a vote of the party's central committee. This happens in each State for each party by whatever rules the State party and (sometimes) the national party have for the process. This first part of the process results in each Presidential candidate having their own unique slate of potential electors. The second part of the process happens during the general election. When the voters in each State cast votes for the Presidential candidate of their choice they are voting to select their State's electors. The potential electors' names may or may not appear on the ballot below the name of the Presidential candidates, depending on election procedures and ballot formats in each State. National Archives and Records Administration: https://www.archives.gov/electoral-college/electors
Subject: Political Science
Which country has the highest life expectancy and which has the lowest? Where is the US in the rankings?
The country with the highest life expectancy at birth is Monaco at #1 of 227 countries. total population: 89.4 years male: 85.55 years female: 93.4 years (2021 est.) The country with the lowest life expectancy at birth is Afghanistan at #255 of 227 countries total population: 53.25 years male: 51.73 years female: 54.85 years (2021 est.) The United States is #44 of 227 countries. Life expectancy at birth compares the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Life expectancy at birth is also a measure of overall quality of life in a country and summarizes the mortality at all ages. CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/field/life-expectancy-at-birth/country-comparison/ Data is from 2021.
Subject: Art History
What is the difference between iconography and symbolism? Are they the same thing?
The difference between symbolism and iconography is that symbolism is the representation of a concept through symbols or the meanings of objects or decorations, while iconography is a set of specified or traditional symbolic forms associated with the subject or theme of a genre or style of art. Libretexts has great definitions of both here: https://human.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Art/Book%3A_Introduction_to_Art_-_Design_Context_and_Meaning_(Sachant_et_al.)/05%3A_Meaning_in_Art/5.03%3A_SYMBOLISM_AND_ICONOGRAPHY And the University of North Texas Libraries has a great YouTube video identifying iconography and symbolic meaning here: https://guides.library.unt.edu/articonography
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