Tutor profile: John S.
Subject: Library and Information Science
What is the role of a librarian in a digital society where print books are being replaced by ebooks and reference materials are bypassed in favor of "googling" to find an easy answer?
As the information ecosystem transforms and adapts to new technologies (e.g. the internet, electronic books, and search engines) the need of information consumers to evaluate, curate, and discern the reliability of information has increased, not decreased. The demand for information professionals, usually known as librarians, to guide users through this new landscape is stronger than ever in order to combat the rise of fake news, pseudoscience, and misinformation. Librarians can teach users how to use tools like Google to effectively find useful, reliable, verifiable information rather than be supplanted by that technology. Likewise, the rise of digital rights management with regard to eBooks has made access to written information more restrictive than at any previous time in modern history. Librarians can create access to those materials for users who lack the financial resources to buy ebooks or subscribe to expensive online journals. Facilitating digital equity is a core function of libraries in the 21st Century.
Subject: International Studies
What do you see as the biggest threat to peace and security in the world in the 21st Century, and what are some actions the International Community can take to address it?
The most critical existential threat facing the world in the 21st Century is that of Climate Change. The rise in temperatures across the globe due to carbon dioxide and other pollutants generated by our civilization have begun to change the planet in dangerous ways that will impact economics, security, and health for all of humanity. Rising sea levels, severe weather, increased droughts, and unprecedented extinctions of wildlife are among the most dramatic outcomes expected over the next 100 years or more if steps are not taken to reduce carbon pollution emissions around the world as soon as possible. The International Community can address the dangers of Climate Change by making treaties and commitments to reduce the amount of greenhouse gasses being emitted into the atmosphere by their respective countries. These agreements can be achieved through bargaining between developed and developing nations, as well as through strong leadership from some of the nations that have contributed the most to carbon pollution such as the United States, the European Union, and China. Only by working together can we stave off this crisis before it becomes unmanageable for future generations.
Subject: International Relations
What is NATO, why was it created, and how have the challenges facing NATO changed in the 21st Century?
NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, is an alliance between several nations in North America and Europe, chiefly the United States, United Kingdom, and the majority of the member-states of the European Union. NATO was created during the early years of the Cold War as a mutual-defense pact between Western nations to counter the growing hegemony of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe. One of the key attributes of NATO is the obligation of all members to come to the defense of any other member in the event of an external attack. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the mission of NATO in the 21st Century was uncertain. However, the growth of international terrorism in the late 1990s and 2000s, the emergence of China and Russia as international rivals to the West, and the global security challenges posed by Climate Change have given renewed importance to the lengthy partnership between North America and Europe that is facilitated by NATO. Sources: https://www.nato.int/ https://www.militarytimes.com/news/pentagon-congress/2017/05/25/nato-the-world-s-biggest-military-alliance-explained/
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