Tutor profile: Dreyton S.
Qué te gusta hacer? Qué typo de persona eres? Tell me about yourself and what you like to do!
Yo soy un estudiante en la universidad. Me encanta estudiar la ciencia política, y también los idiomas. Yo quiero aprender el portugués, pero me hace difícil encontrar el tiempo. Yo aprendí mi español en Guatemala, el país más bonito en el mundo. Tiene muchas bellas playas y volcanes muy altos. Yo quiero regresar un día para pasear y visitar a mis amigos. El vivir en Guatemala es tal vez la mejor cosa que me ha pasado en la vida. Más que todo, me gusta aprender y pensar en las cosas que impactarán al mundo. Leer las noticias. Quiero aprender estas cosas para que yo pueda ayudar a otras personas y para que el mundo sea un poco mejor por mi esfuerzo.
Subject: US Government and Politics
What are three of the various "hats" or roles that the President of the United States fills in their position? Define each of these roles.
Three roles of the POTUS: Commander in Chief: The President is the civilian head of the armed forces, and enjoys large discretion in their organization, and how they are deployed and used. Chief Legislator: The President is seen as having the electoral mandate of the public, and as such has political capital to help influence and set the legislative agenda of congress. Chief Diplomat: As head of the executive branch the President is vested by the constitution with the power to make treaties with other nations (per ratification by the Senate). They also appoint ambassadors and diplomatic representatives.
Subject: International Relations
What is the theory of International Relations that focuses on power and it´s acquisition? Define and explain this theory. What is the significance of this concept on International Relations? Apply this concept to a historical or real-world example.
Realism focuses on power and it's acquisition by nations. Power is defined variously, but generally, means the ability of one nation to impose or cause another nation to act in accordance with its will. Power is seen as a zero-sum game (if one nation gains power, another nation will lose power). Classical realism believes the impulse to acquire power stems from a primal selfish desire for gain (which has its roots in the writings of Machiavelli and Hobbes). Offensive realism is a more recent view, which believes this drive to gain power is because of fear. Fear drives nations to increase their military strength and gain territory/resources to protect themselves from the encroachments of others. Realism is significant in international relations because it frames the important concept of the Security Dilemma. In the security dilemma, when one nation increases its military power, others fear it's unknown intentions, and increase their own military strength. Examples of realism and the security dilemma include The military build-up and arms race preceding WWI in Europe. Another is the nuclear arms race between the United States and the USSR in the Cold War.
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