Tutor profile: Garrett N.
What is introspection? Why do some counselors and phycologist caution against its overuse?
Introspection is the process, by which a person looks inward and examines their own actions, thoughts, and values. While this form of self reflection can be a positive force for growth, introspection is, like many things, a skill. Many people have a hard time determining their values or what it is they "truly" want, if they have not been taught to engage in proper introspection. Even someone trained in how to use this technique can find themselves going in circles if their not careful. It is for this reason that some advise introspection be done only in moderation.
Subject: World History
Groups such as the Manchu, Mongols, and Timurids are often thought of as bloodthirsty savages. Reframing the narrative, what are two ways in which these groups can be thought of us as drivers of positive change and growth?
The first way in which these groups can all be seen as positive drivers of change is in their creation of stability and prosperity in previous unstable regions. Both in the cases of the Jurchin tribes of what is today China, as well as Timur's Persian conquest these areas were prior to conquest, unstable and prone to infighting. Although often begun with bloody conquest, the states these nomadic conquerors create are often quite secure and well administered despite their large size. This allows for levels of trade and travel not otherwise possible, such as Macro Polo's travel through the Khanates that succeeded the Mongol Empire. Indeed he was able to pass from Eastern Europe to China and back with little threat of danger. The second method of change comes in the form of cultural rebirth that accompanies these conquest. Often prior to conquest the tribes were fertile ground for a more liberal spiritual approach, less entrenched in orthodoxy then their neighbors. This looser approach to codified systems of belief and orthodoxy , means that, following conquest, rulers will often establish new centers of worship and learning, allowing for the creation and exchange of ideas that would not have been able to thrive under the old regime.
Subject: Folklore and Mythology
What is the primary difference between Folklore and Mythology ? How can examination of various Mythologies inform our understanding of Folklore?
The primary aspect distinguishing folklore from mythology is that folklore are stories and traditions that are part of a living, evolving cultural identity, while mythology primarily involves the stories and beliefs that have been preserved (or manage to survive) from cultures that are so distant that they serve as relics of that past time. Further, Mythology can serve as a lens to compare our current stories and traditions, (our Folklore) against. This helps to highlight how values may have shifted over time, as well as what ideas and values remain largely unchanged in our culture today.