Tutor profile: Jonathan T.
Subject: US Government and Politics
What powers does the U.S. Constitution give the President of the United States?
The authorities granted to the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government, are contained in Article II of the U.S. Constitution. The document empowers the President to serve as the Commander in Chief of the U.S. Armed Forces. In addition, the Constitution empowers the President to make treaties and appoint members of his administration, ambassadors, Justices of the Supreme Court, and other Executive Branch officials. Those two powers require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. However, Article II also gives the President the authority to fill vacancies without the consent of the Senate when it is in recess. The President is also able to grant reprieves and pardons, convene or adjourn Congress, sign or veto legislation, and receive ambassadors from foreign countries.
Subject: International Relations
As an international relations theory, what are the main tenants of realism?
Realism is the view that states are the main actors of international relations. Realists believe that states typically act in their own self interests and security. In addition, realists view power through a win-lose spectrum. From the realists perspective, one state’s rise in power comes at the expense of another state’s power. For this reason, realism typically focuses on the competitive nature of states, which includes states’ desires to expand their power and prestige.
Subject: US History
What positions did Federalists take at the U.S. Constitutional Convention?
Federalists at the U.S. Constitutional Convention placed a heavy emphasis on a strong, central government. They also believed in the powers of a strong Executive Branch. In addition, they defended the lack of a bill of rights in the Constitution, arguing that the document provided enough protections to make a bill of rights unnecessary. They also argued that at any time, the government had the power to add amendments, if necessary. The quintessential explanation of the Federalist positions can be read in the Federalist Papers, which was written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. The opposition to the Federalist position, the Anti-Federalists, advocated for a weak central government, and a stronger legislative branch. Federalists criticized Anti-Federalists by pointing to the shortfalls of the Articles of Confederation.
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