Tutor profile: Amanda S.
Should a defendant have to pay with their life due to Prosecutor's' errors?
The United States of America has one of the most complex Criminal Justice systems in any country run by democracy. In the United States one is presumed to be innocent until proven guilty; however, inside an American courtroom proving one's innocence is equally as hard as proving one's guilt. Sometimes the American Justice System lacks the capability of being fair, leaving defendants incapable of receiving a fair and accurate trial. for defendants like Casey Anthony, O.J. Simpson, and Amanda Knox those errors were not the fault of their defense attorneys, but rather the fault of the investigative teams and the prosecutors. Even though it's said that all three of these suspects received a fair and accurate trial, it's safe to say that due to poor evidence handling, lack of credible witnesses, and inadmissible evidence these three murderers walked out of those courtrooms acquitted of murder. Other countries however lack the same statistics relating to yearly homicide rates, one of those countries being Italy. It's estimated that Italy sees less than one thousand homicides per year. So when a homicide does occur, such as in the death of Meredith Kercher, they often become a celebrity for international media sharks and viewers alike. With only a thousand homicides per year, the Italian newspapers were covered with the news that Amanda Knox, a twenty-year-old Washington State College student studying abroad in Perugia, Italy had been charged with murder in connection to the brutal murder of her British roommate, Meredith Kercher in the home they shared in 2007. During the trial, there was a question about the validity of the evidence being used against Amanda Knox and Raffaele Sollecito, more specifically a kitchen knife that investigators claimed to be the murder weapon. After initial testing was done on the knife it was said that both Knox's and the victim's blood were found on the knife, implicating that Amanda had murdered her roommate in cold blood. Nonetheless, no matter how hard Amanda fought for her innocence, an Italian Jury found her and Raffaele guilty in the stabbing death of Meredith Kercher. Amanda was sentenced to twenty-six years in prison, which Raffaele was sentenced to twenty-five years. After spending a mere four years in prison, Amanda and Raffaele's murder convictions were overturned for lack of evidence. During the retrial the judge yet again ordered the same knife to be tested, only this time it showed that the only DNA evidence on the knife was that of 25-year-old Amanda. This once again showed the court that the particular knife in question could not have been used in the murder. Two years later, the Italian Supreme Court ruled that the duo would once again stand trial for the same murder of their roommate. In the end, they were acquitted of the murder due to lack of evidence, and poor work done on the part of the prosecution.
Subject: Forensic Science
How is Forensic Entomology applied in the field?
Unlike Forensic Pathology, Forensic Entomology doesn't study disease but rather deals with the study of insects. One of the applications of Entomology that's used in the field of Forensic Science is finding out if a child or children have been abused by their parents. It's said that sometimes parents intentionally injure their children by use of wasps or bee stings that can be investigated by a Forensic Entomologist. The next application would be blood splatter analysis. The reason why this application is unique is that bugs may actually contaminate the blood splatter, throwing off the technician. It's said that roaches walking through a pool of blood can create tracks; however, the tracks would be rather hard to see if you weren't trained to look for roach tracks. Lastly, Forensic Entomologists can be called in to investigate automobile accidents and even airplane crashes. This is simply because bugs have been linked to several crashes that seem to lack any other plausible reason for the accident. Entomologists are asked to investigate or examine the remains of insects that are found within the various parts of a car, such as, the radiator, the windshield to shed light on the plausibility of the insect causing the accident.
Subject: Criminal Justice
What are the theories of children exposed to domestic violence?
With an average 15.5 million children within the United States of America being exposed to some form of violence within the home, rather it's intimate violence, or violence towards them it's rather difficult to state that all children are going to suffer the same outcomes of the violence. Studying the theory behind the effects of children being exposed to domestic violence within homes is pretty limited, for it's said that only two studies have been completed on the topic. First and foremost very little attention had been brought forth into studying juvenile violence towards family members, but a great amount of research has been completed for adult violence as it relates to children. It's reported that family offenders are typically minor females, whereas non-family offenders are not. It's believed that family-based offenders are often granted leniency within the juvenile justice system compared to their non-family counterparts of the same age. This could be explained due to insufficient research on the topic, which would provide the juvenile court a greater insight into how juveniles should be treated within the court system regardless of their family status. In theory, it's believed that peer groups of the same gender as the juvenile hold a greater influence on delinquent behavior than that of romantic peers. This isn't true in all cases if we look back in history at a few cases of modern-day Bonnie and Clyde type of crimes that are being committed by juveniles.
needs and Amanda will reply soon.