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Tutor profile: Emily B.

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Emily B.
Bachelor's Degree in English, Law student beginning Fall 2021
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Questions

Subject: Writing

TutorMe
Question:

Which of the following sentences is grammatically incorrect? Is this your jacket? Is this jacket yours? Whose jacket is this? Who's jacket is this?

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Emily B.
Answer:

"Who's jacket is this?" is incorrect. It is incorrect because "Who's" is a contraction of "who is" or "who has." The sentences "Who is jacket is this?" and "Who has jacket is this?" do not make sense. The correct way to say this is option 3: "Whose jacket is this?" That is the possessive form of the word.

Subject: English

TutorMe
Question:

Shakespeare’s plays are usually divided into comedies, tragedies, and histories. Discuss characteristics of each category with references to specific plays.

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Emily B.
Answer:

Shakespearean comedies are not what we would consider comedies today. They are not generally funny, there is no laugh track or witty remarks. The most important thing that separates Shakespeare’s plays are their endings. If it has a happy ending, and everyone is not dead, it is going to be considered a comedy. There are certain aspects that indicate that it is a comedy. There is difficulty with the lovers trying to be together, and often interference from others, and seperation but eventually there is reunification and it all works out for good. In Much Ado About Nothing, Hero and Claudio fall in love, and Beatrice and Benedick do as well. However, Don John stirs up conflict, as expected. He makes it seem as if Hero is cheating on Claudio, and instead of trying to clear her name, her family fakes her death (very dramatic) and then eventually she is cleared and “resurrected.” There is a happy ending and a wedding for both couples. Another aspect of comedies is that there is usually some type of disguise or identity theft at some point. In Taming of the Shrew, Lucentio disguises himself as a Latin tutor to be able to spend time with Bianca in secret. Comedies also typically include interwoven and complex plot-lines. The Taming of the Shrew begins with a play being put on for a man named Christopher Sly. The main story is the play within the play. A Midsummer Night’s Dream also features a play within a play. A witty and clever servant is a character that can typically be found in Shakespeare’s comedies as well. We see this in A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Puck is the clever one, constantly playing tricks on all the other characters. In The Taming of The Shrew, Lucentio’s servant Tranio is also clever. He dresses up as Lucentio to speak to Bianca’s father while Lucentio is secretly seeing Bianca. In a comedy there also may be jokes or puns used. Benedick in Much Ado About Nothing constantly makes witty jokes. Comedies feature family tension, but it is usually resolved by the end, like all of the other issues. In The Shrew, their father said Bianca cannot marry until Katherine is married. This causes tension between the sisters and Bianca and her father. But again, the happy ending is the hallmark of a Shakespean comedy. For example, in Taming of the Shrew Hortensio and Lucentio both are trying to obtain Bianca’s affections, but Bianca loves Lucentio. In comedies, those who are meant to be end up together. At the end, Bianca and Lucentio elope, and Petruchio marries and “tames” Katherine into an obedient wife. Traagedies are more rooted in serious issues and plots with very dramatic scenes. The distinctive mark of a Shakespearan tragedy is death. Many, if not all, of the main characters in a tragedy will die by the end of the play. In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo, Juliet, and Paris are all dead by the end. In Hamlet, King Hamlet, Polonius, Ophelia, Gertrude, Laertes, Claudius, and Prince Hamlet are all dead by the end of the play. At the end of Macbeth, over ten people are dead, and at the end of Julius Ceasar, over one hundred people are dead. Another marker of a tragic play is a central character who is typically a good, noble person. However they have a major character flaw, which leads to their downfall, and usually eventually their death. Prince Hamlet was the central character in his play, and he was a good person until he is haunted by his father’s ghost. This drives him mad, causing him to kill others and eventually led to his own death. In Julius Ceasar, Brutus is a noble man and good friend but has an insatiable thirst for power. This is why he ends up in the group that kills Ceasar. This is his fatal flaw, as he ends up taking his own life due to the guilt. Macbeth was a noble person but was easily manipulated by his wife. His wife has no hesitation for bloodshed; in fact, she seems to crave it. She will ensure by any means necessary that her husband becomes the king of Scotland. While she is not always the one who carries out the horrendous acts, and murders, she is always the voice whispering int Macbeth’s ear to do so. He murders King Duncan and rises to the throne, however his murders do not stop there. He is responsible for the deaths of Duncan and his guards, Lady Macduff, her family and household, Siward, Macdonwald, and Banquo. Both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth end up dead at the end of the play. Macbeth is murdered by Macduff to avenge his family, and Lady Macbeth was driven insane by guilt which led to her death. You could definitely say it was karma for both of them. Another characteristic of a tragedy is that characters may have a breakdown or isolate themselves. Hamlet and Brutus both found themselves isolated after their mistakes. Lastly, the characters have a sense that these unwanted events in their lives areinescapable and inevitable. In Romeo and Juliet, Juliet felt that there was no way out of marrying Paris, short of death, so she faked her death. This of course led to the double suicide spiral. Lastly, we have histories. A Shakespearean history could be educational and typically focuses on the monarchs of England. Henry V and Richard III are two of Shakespeares histories based on monarchs. However, historians tell us that many of these plays are inaccurate and are more for entertainment than education.

Subject: Criminal Justice

TutorMe
Question:

Define Mens Rea and its four types.

Inactive
Emily B.
Answer:

Mens rea is the intent or motive behind a crime. To prove mens rea you must prove that the defendant knew that what they did was wrong on some level. The four types or levels of mens rea include intent/purpose, knowledge, negligance, and recklessness.

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