Tutor profile: Maria L.
Subject: Gender Studies
What is the concept of intersectionality as presented by Crenshaw (1989)?
The term “intersectionality” as coined by scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in 1989 refers to the need to look at various aspects of an individual’s identity to understand the dynamics of the oppression they face. So for example, a white woman and a black woman will face different forms of discrimination, as not only does the black woman see herself facing racist discrimination outside her community, but even within her own community, she is most likely facing sexist discrimination. The conceptual framework has since been adopted for other analysis, including discrimination relating to able bodiedness, sexuality, etc.
Subject: US History
Why is the Civil Rights Movement often called a “Second Reconstruction”?
The Civil Rights Movement has often been called a “Second reconstruction” as it arose as a way to address and protest inequalities often rooted in the failures of reconstruction as it was cut short after the end of the war. Namely, it aimed to tackle the incomplete integration of formerly enslaved populations and the rise of Jim Crow laws and segregation. Furthermore, there is also a sense of continuity between the two periods, as reconstruction often based its claims and actions on measures rooted in reconstruction, such as the 14th amendment and its equal protection clause.
Subject: European History
To what extent did the French Revolution succeed in creating a wave of revolutionary movements throughout continental Europe?
The French Revolution instated a new system previously unprecedented in Old Regime Europe. Although short lived and replaced by the First Empire in 1804, the Revolution inspired movements abroad, laying the groundwork for later uprisings both in 1830 and 1848, and providing base values the future French Republic would base itself on.
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