Which compound would react faster when treated under acidic conditions: 1-butanol or 2-methyl-2-butanol?
Reaction of alcohols under acidic conditions requires carbocation formation. Stability of carbocation ranges from tertiary as more stable, secondary as mid-way, and primary being less stable. 1-butanol is primary, while 2-methyl-2-butanol is tertiary. Forming the most stable carbocation would result in the faster reaction, hence 2-methyl-2-butanol would react faster.
What changes would you expect if you were to gently squeeze a balloon filled with gas.
Squeezing a balloon would lower the volume. Based on the Gas Law, decrease in volume would result in increase in pressure. In fact, continuous increase in pressure may result in balloon bursting.
How many grams are in 500 mg
I encourage students using dimensional analysis answering this question: 1 g = 1000 mg 500 mg/1 * 1g/1000mg = 0.5 g