When do you use accents on words in Spanish?
Accents in Spanish are used to 1. designate where the stress falls on any word that does not follow the typical pronunciation rules as follows. For words ending in a vowel, n or s, the stress goes on the second to last syllable. ex. SOPA, Jueves, VIERnes, dinosauRIo, eXAmen, etc. vs. miércoles, tiburón, rápido etc. For words ending in consonants other than n or s, the stress goes on the last syllable. ex. beBER, venDER, aniMAL, ciuDAD, etc. vs. cárcel, césped, fácil etc. 2. Homonyms for example: el (masculine definite article (the)) vs. él (he), si (if) vs. sí (yes) etc. 3. Question Words vs. Question words used as pronouns For example ¿Qué quieres tomar? vs. ¿Quieres la comida que me compré ayer? 4. Gendered vs. Neutral Demonstrative Pronouns Gendered: éste/a (this) ésto/as (these) ése/a (that) éso/as (those) aquél/la (that over there) aquéllo/as (those over there) Neutral: esto (this), eso (that), aquello (that over there)
How many forms of writing are there in Japanese and why are they important?
There are four writing forms in Japanese, romaji, katakana (カタカナ), hiragana (ひらがな) and kanji (漢字). It is important to know them all as they all represent different parts of speech/language and help to break up sentences, which are written without spaces. A sentence written in all hiragana/katakana is extremely hard to read as they are not broken up by anything and are almost like one continuous string of letters. Try to read the following two sentences. 1.エイくんはシちゃんがすきですけどとてもいそがしくて、シちゃんにあえなくて、こくはくできません。 2. A君はCちゃんが好きですけどとても忙しくて、Cちゃんに会えなくて、告白できません。 Sentence 2 is much easier to read that sentence 2 because the words are more easily recognizable as kanji is included and separates the beginnings of new verbs from particles. Additionally, initials are written in romaji making them easier to spot and quicker to comprehend and read than when they are written in katakana.
Is it always wrong to use an Oxford comma (a comma that comes before the coordinating conjunction that comes at the end of a series of three or more terms)? i.e. "The dog, the cat, and the rat went to dinner together." or, "The dog, the cat and the rat went to dinner together."
No. It depends on who you are writing for and what you are writing about. For example, in high school, my journalism teacher banned us from using it. In cases like this in which there is an institutional bias against the use Oxford comma, it is better to stick with what your professor or employer prefer over personal stylistic choices so that you are not impacted by negative consequences unless there is a specific necessity for the Oxford comma to provide clarity. For example, take the following two sentences: With Oxford Comma "We saw the tigers, Siegfried, and Roy." and Without Oxford Comma "We saw the tigers, Siegfried and Roy." The first sentence has no room for ambiguity that the tigers, Siegfried, and Roy are all separate entities. The second, however, can be misinterpreted as the speaker implying they saw tigers named Siegfried and Roy. Be careful and always remember there are also cases where the Oxford Comma actually adds more ambiguity so use your commas effectively. For example, With Oxford Comma "He called his agent, Armie Hammer, and Jessica Biel." and Without Oxford Comma "He called his agent, Armie Hammer, and Jessica Biel. " In this case, the first sentence falls into a similar ambiguity that the last example's second sentence fell into, in the sense that to someone without context, the sentence can be read as implying that Armie Hammer is the subject's talent agent, rather than an actor. The sentence without the Oxford comma does not have this ambiguity.