What is the difference between Medicare and Medicaid? Why are these programs important?
Medicare is typically health insurance for elderly Americans. Once Americans reach the age of 65 they are eligible to apply for Medicare. Medicaid is typically an insurance for people with low socioeconomic status (SES), including children. Traditionally, elderly, low SES, and children run a greater risk of becoming ill or injured, so it is important that they have affordable health care. Affordable health care leads to more independent population, higher employee work productivity, and healthier children.
When a bill is in the committee stage of becoming law, is the majority party required to accept amendments to the bill from the minority party?
No, the majority party is not required to accept amendments to the bill. However, depending on how the parties are split, the majority party will most likely need some votes from the minority party. So it would behoove them to accept some minority party amendments.
What are the two types of democracies, and which one does the United States practice? Why?
The first type of democracy is a direct democracy and the second type is a representative democracy. The United States practices representative democracy because ordinary citizens elect "representatives" to carry out their values.