What are the three most important components of compressions during CPR
Rate- should be between 100-120 bpm depth- should be 2 in deep in adult patients Recoil- Should happen with each compression. the idea of compressions is to move oxygenated blood through the body because the patient is unable to complete this function on their own because they are in cardiac arrest. a rate of 100 with a depth of 2 inches with providing the necessary force and rate for circulating the blood. recoil is important in its relationship to cardiac output. cardiac output is equal to the Heart rate X stroke volume. Stroke volume is the amount of blood pushed out of the heart with each beat. in order to achieve maximum stroke volume and by extension maximum cardiac output the heart must be given time and shape to refill with blood. that is why it is important not to administer compressions to quickly and why recoil is needed for CPR to be optimum.
When preparing to admit a patient who has been treated for Seizures, which equipment should the nurse have available at the bedside? (Select all that apply.) a. Suction tubing b. Oxygen mask c. Nasogastric tube d. Siderail padding e. Tongue blade f. Oral airway
a. Suction tubing b. Oxygen mask d. Siderail padding The patient is at risk for further seizures, and oxygen and suctioning may be needed after any seizures to clear the airway and maximize oxygenation. The bed's side rails should be padded to minimize the risk for patient injury during a seizure. Insertion of a nasogastric (NG) tube is not indicated because the airway problem is not caused by vomiting or abdominal distention. Use of tongue blades or oral airways during a seizure is contraindicated as they may cause trauma to the mouth/ teeth.
when you arrive at a multiple choice question that you do not know what are some strategies to help you chose the correct answer
First, eliminate any option you believe to be incorrect. any eliminated answer increases your probability of selecting the correct answer. Second go back to the question look for keywords or identifiers that may lead you to an answer. look for words in the stem of the question that relates to your choices. Remember to identify and focus on the stem and don't get distracted by irrelevant information. Third trust your gut. research has shown that your first answer is usually the right answer. once you have chosen an answer DO NOT go back and change it unless you are 100% sure you made a mistake.