Tutor profile: Minden P.
What are examples of metaphors, similes, and hyperbole?
Metaphor is a figure of speech used to describe an action or object that cannot be literally true but better explains an idea. For example, "it is raining cats and dogs." It cannot literally rain cats and dogs, which would be terrifying, but this metaphor is used enough for us to know it means that it is pouring rain. Simile is another figure of speech that compares two different things to make a description more evocative. For example, "the children fought like cats and dogs." While children cannot literally fight like animals, we understand the phrase to mean the children regarded each other with the same dislike that typically exists between cats and dogs. Hyperbole is an exaggerated statement or claim that is used to describe something else. Like the prior two figures of speech, hyperbole is not meant to be taken seriously. For example, "these high heels are killing me." Unless used for something other than footwear, high heels cannot literally kill someone. However, when we hear the phrase, we know the speaker is describing how painful the shoes are on her feet.
How does the neurobiological approach to psychology relate to personality and antisocial behavior?
The neurological approach to psychology focuses on how electrical and chemical impulses within the human brain and nervous system influence human behavior. Our understanding of neurobiology allows us to comprehend why some individuals are prone to certain behaviors, especially those that stem from pre-existing conditions. Our understanding of psychology reveals that behavior and personality are intertwined as personality is a result of being exposed to different environments. When we combine neurobiology and psychology, we become able to predict and explain the existence and justification of behaviors and personality disorders, such as antisocial behavior.
What is the theme of the story "Cemetery Path" by Leonard Q. Roth?
The theme in Leonard Q. Roth's "Cemetery Path" is, in a twist of irony, the importance of not allowing our fears to destroy who we are. Ivan harbored a deep, irrational fear of the cemetery. When given an offer he could not refuse to cross the cemetery, Ivan jumped at the opportunity to prove himself. He was instructed to stab a saber into the ground in front of the largest tomb located at the center of the cemetery. Ivan darted to the desired spot, stuck the saber into the ground, and turned to flee back to safety. He stumbled, unable to move, and found he was being held in place by an unseen force. Ivan died of terror, convinced a ghost had taken him hostage in the cemetery. If Ivan had been more rational and less paranoid, he would have noticed that he had stuck the saber through his long coat and into the ground, pinning him in place. Ivan had been so desperate to prove his bravery that he allowed his irrational fear to become the death of him.
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