Tutor profile: Jenna Q.
The first draft of your essay is done - hooray! Now what?
Completing the first draft of the essay you've been working on for days always feels so great; however, it's called the "first draft" for a reason! Editing is an extremely important step in your writing, but if you know the right strategies, it'll go by quickly. Whenever I edit my writing, I find it easiest to read through the work multiple times, each time with a different type of edit in mind. For example, you might start by reading through your work with the focus of finding spelling and grammar errors. Next, you can read through the work and focus only on sentence structure; are your sentence lengths varied enough? Do the structures of each of your sentences assist you in expressing your message to the reader? Another great tip is to "read backwards." This method involves beginning by reading the last sentence in your work, then moving up to read the next sentence, and so on. This works really well to help you catch mistakes that your brain may have automatically filled in for you due to context clues when you read the work in the correct order. Once you have accomplished these tasks, it's always a good idea to take a step back and remember what your goal as a writer is for the piece you're working on. Are you trying to persuade the audience in some way? What are you persuading them about? Keep your goals in mind as you read through the work again, and ensure that your work is as clear as possible in expressing your message to the reader. Now, you're ready to call that draft a "final draft!"
Why is it that individuals of a species can typically produce either a small amount of high-quality offspring or a larger amount of lower-quality offspring?
This can be resolved by examining the ecological principle of trade-offs. The concept of trade-offs is centered around the idea that there is a limited amount of a certain resource (such as energy, time, nutrients, etc) that can be divided between two desirable traits; however, the more of the resource that's given to one of these traits, the less there is left for the other trait. We can apply this concept to the question; consider what is necessary to produce and raise young. The parent that bears the offspring must provide them with some nutrients and energy, as well as care once they are born. However, the parent has a limited amount of nutrients to pass onto their young, as well as a limited amount of energy and time that they can provide to each offspring in the form of parental care. For this reason, there is a trade-off between the quality of the offspring and the number of offspring produced. An elephant, for example, may produce one individual offspring that the mother spent almost two years and huge amounts of nutrients carrying to term; and once the baby is born, the mother spends an extended amount of time caring for it. We can contrast this with an organism such as a sea anemone, which may produce thousands of gametes using very little energy and time; the parent subsequently provides absolutely no extended care for its young once they are formed during broadcast spawning. These two contrasting examples of reproductive strategies can help demonstrate the principle of trade-offs.
What are some key technical elements that one should keep in mind when attempting to perform a pirouette?
Although great dancers make turns such as pirouettes look easy, there's actually a lot more technique that is required than one may think! It all starts with a good preparation; during the prep, you should ensure that both legs are in plié and that their weight is centered between both feet. Then, you should try to get your working leg up into as high of a passé as you can as quickly as you can. Ensure that your foot is pointed and that your standing leg is straight with all of its muscles engaged! Now, to execute the turn, you must close your arms into first position and use your head to "spot," meaning that your head turns faster than the rest of your body. This helps you keep track of where you started your turn, and helps reduce dizziness. After turning, make sure to land with control - don't just fall out of it! Now you're ready to try it again (and on the other side!)
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